Toyoji Kaneko

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Current understanding of chloride cells (CCs) is briefly reviewed with emphasis on molecular aspects of their channels, transporters and regulators. Seawater-type and freshwater-type CCs have been identified based on their shape, location and response to different ionic conditions. Among the freshwater-type CCs, subpopulations are emerging that are(More)
Cation-chloride cotransporters, such as the Na(+)/K(+)/2Cl(-) cotransporter (NKCC) and Na(+)/Cl(-) cotransporter (NCC), are localized to the apical or basolateral plasma membranes of epithelial cells and are involved in active ion absorption or secretion. The objectives of this study were to clone and identify ;freshwater-type' and ;seawater-type'(More)
Despite unfavorable conditions, a single species of fish, Osorezan dace, lives in an extremely acidic lake (pH 3.5) in Osorezan, Aomori, Japan. Physiological studies have established that this fish is able to prevent acidification of its plasma and loss of Na(+). Here we show that these abilities are mainly attributable to the chloride cells of the gill,(More)
To elucidate the mechanisms associated with water absorption in the intestine, we compared drinking and intestinal water absorption in freshwater- and seawater-adapted Japanese eels, and investigated a possible involvement of aquaporin (AQP) in the absorption of water in the intestine. Seawater eels ingested more water than freshwater eels, the drinking(More)
Mozambique tilapia Oreochromis mossambicus embryos were transferred from freshwater to seawater and vice versa, and short-term changes in the localization of three major ion transport proteins, Na+/K+-ATPase, Na+/K+/2Cl- cotransporter (NKCC) and cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) were examined within mitochondrion-rich cells (MRCs)(More)
We examined the involvement of mitochondria-rich (MR) cells in ion uptake through gill epithelia in freshwater-adapted killifish Fundulus heteroclitus, by morphological observation of MR cells and molecular identification of the vacuolar-type proton pump (V-ATPase). MR cell morphology was compared in fish acclimated to defined freshwaters with different(More)
Short- and long-term responses to direct transfer from seawater to freshwater were examined in gill chloride cells of killifish, which developed distinct freshwater- and seawater-type chloride cells in the respective environments. In a short-term response within 24 h after transfer, seawater-type chloride cells forming a pit structure on the apical surface(More)
We explored molecular and morphological alteration in gill mitochondria-rich (MR) cells of Mozambique tilapia, Oreochromis mossambicus, acclimated to deionized freshwater (DFW), freshwater (FW), 1/3-diluted seawater (1/3 SW) and seawater (SW). Scanning electron microscopic observations revealed that the apical membrane of MR cells appeared as a flat or(More)
In mammalian nephrons, most of the Na(+) and HCO(3)(-) is reabsorbed by proximal tubular cells in which the Na(+)/H(+) exchanger 3 (NHE3) is the major player. The roles of NHEs in Na(+) uptake/acid-base regulation in freshwater (FW) fish gills are still being debated. In the present study, functional genomic approaches were used to clone and sequence the(More)
We have cloned a homologue of mammalian aquaporin-3 (AQP3) from gills of Mozambique tilapia using a reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The deduced amino acid sequence shared 64-75% homology with other vertebrate AQP3 homologues. RT-PCR revealed that tilapia AQP3 was expressed in the brain, pituitary, kidney, spleen, intestine, skin,(More)