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The unexpected presence of a linear arrangement of co-axially oriented N 2 molecules inside aligned single-walled carbon nanotubes is revealed by high resolution near-edge x-ray absorption spectroscopy. The encapsulated N 2 molecules exhibit free stretching vibrations with a long electronic lifetime of the x-ray-excited anti-bonding π ⋆ states. Molecular(More)
A new spin- and angle-resolved photoemission spectrometer was developed adopting the very-low-energy-electron-diffraction (VLEED)-type spin polarimeter. The Fe(001)p(1x1)-O film grown on MgO(001) crystal for the VLEED target yields significantly high spin-resolving power, the effective Sherman function of 0.40+/-0.02, with long lifetime and stability(More)
By using the perpendicular-exchange-biased Pt/Co/α-Cr(2)O(3) system, we provide experimental evidence that the unreversed uncompensated Cr spins exist at the Co/α-Cr(2)O(3) interface. The unreversed uncompensated Cr spin manifests itself in both the vertical shift of an element-specific magnetization curve and the relative peak intensity of soft-x-ray(More)
We have succeeded in developing a method for photoemission electron microscopy (PEEM) on fully magnetized ferromagnetic bulk samples and have applied this technique to Dy-doped Nd-Fe-B permanent magnets. Remanence magnetization of the sample was approximately 1.2 T, and its dimension was 3 Â 3 Â 3 mm 3. By utilizing a yoke as an absorber of the stray(More)
The magnetic linear dichroism (MLD) was used to study the magnetic properties of Ni-ultrathin film grown on ferromagnetic substrate Co(001). The MLD in photoemission has been measured for either the valence Ni3d states around the Ni3p threshold or 3p core level. Our dichroism measurements of the valence Ni3d states conclude that the resonance effect is(More)
A video camera system for observing a sample from the direction of an incident soft X-ray beam has been developed. The sample is seen via two reflecting mirrors. The first mirror, which has a hole to allow the soft X-ray beam to pass through, is set on the beam axis in a vacuum. The second mirror is used to cancel out the mirror inversion of the image. This(More)
A method to position samples with small cleaved regions has been developed to be applied to the angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) which uses soft-x-ray synchrotron radiation focused down to 160 x 180 microm(2). A long-working-distance optical microscope is used for the sample observation. A selected region on a sample can be optimally set at(More)