Toyohiko Kinoshita

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We have succeeded in developing a method for photoemission electron microscopy (PEEM) on fully magnetized ferromagnetic bulk samples and have applied this technique to Dy-doped Nd-Fe-B permanent magnets. Remanence magnetization of the sample was approximately 1.2 T, and its dimension was 3 Â 3 Â 3 mm 3. By utilizing a yoke as an absorber of the stray(More)
Graphene exhibits unusual electronic properties, caused by a linear band structure near the Dirac point. This band structure is determined by the stacking sequence in graphene multilayers. Here we present a novel method of microscopically controlling the band structure. This is achieved by epitaxy of graphene on 3C-SiC(111) and 3C-SiC(100) thin films grown(More)
Graphene, a 2D crystal bonded by π and σ orbitals, possesses excellent electronic properties that are promising for next-generation optoelectronic device applications. For these a precise understanding of quasiparticle behaviour near the Dirac point (DP) is indispensable because the vanishing density of states (DOS) near the DP enhances many-body effects,(More)
The unexpected presence of a linear arrangement of co-axially oriented N 2 molecules inside aligned single-walled carbon nanotubes is revealed by high resolution near-edge x-ray absorption spectroscopy. The encapsulated N 2 molecules exhibit free stretching vibrations with a long electronic lifetime of the x-ray-excited anti-bonding π ⋆ states. Molecular(More)
The observation of one-dimensional N₂ inside single-walled carbon nanotubes raises the questions, how are the N₂ molecules formed and how do they manage to make their way to this peculiar place? We have used N(15) and C(13) isotope labeled acetonitrile during the synthesis of single-walled carbon nanotubes to investigate this process. The isotope shifts of(More)
Chemical bonding states of doped impurities, boron (B) and arsenic (As), in silicon (Si) shallow junctions were studied by soft X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (SXPES). A step-by-step shallow etching and Hall effect measurements were combined with the SXPES to investigate correlation between chemical bonding state and electrical activation of the(More)
The dysfunctional sympathetic nervous system in individuals with cervical spinal cord injury (CSCI) impairs adrenergic responses and may, therefore, contribute to the blunted post-exercise cytokine response. The purpose of this study was to investigate an alternative way to exercise to induce an acute cytokine response by passive core temperature elevation(More)
The observation method of photoemission electron microscopy (PEEM) on insulating samples has been established in an extremely simple way. Surface conductivity is induced locally on an insulating surface by continuous radiation of soft X-rays, and Au films close to the area of interest allow the accumulated charges on the insulated area to be released to(More)
FeRh thin films were irradiated with a 10 MeV iodine ion microbeam to produce micrometre-scale ferromagnetic microstructures by modifying the local magnetic character from antiferromagnetism to ferromagnetism using ion-microbeam irradiation. Two-dimensional magnetic dot arrays of dimensions ∼2 µm × 4 µm as well as 10 µm × 10 µm were successfully produced on(More)