Toyohiko Aoki

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The efficacy of high-resolution (1)H nuclear magnetic resonance ((1)H-NMR) spectroscopy-based metabonomics was studied in a model of rat liver toxicity. Hepatotoxicities were induced in male rats using methylene dianiline, clofibrate and galactosamine. Twenty-four-hr urine from days 1 to 5 after treatment were subjected to (1)H-NMR evaluation of the(More)
E2012, a gamma secretase modulator without affecting Notch processing, aimed at Alzheimer's disease by reduction of amyloid β-42, induced cataract following repeated doses in the rat. Cataract appeared first at week 10-11 of treatment as a posterior subcapsular area with granular/punctate opaque or shiny dots along the suture line, characterized(More)
This (1)H nuclear magnetic resonance metabonomics study was aimed to determine urinary biomarkers of cholestasis resulting from inhibition of biliary secretion of bile or obstruction of bile flow. To inhibit biliary secretion of bile, cyclosporine A was administered to male Sprague-Dawley rats. Obstruction of bile flow was induced by administration of(More)
Azole derivatives have teratogenic effects in rodents. In the present study, malformations and their sensitive windows induced by high-dose ketoconazole (KCZ), an azole derivative, without maternal toxicity were investigated. In addition, the malformation spectrum determined was compared with that induced by vitamin A palmitate (VAP). Pregnant rats were(More)
Previously, we reported that the mutation frequency was markedly increased in the colon after the oral treatment of mice with an environmental mutagen/carcinogen, benzo[a]pyrene (BP); however this was not followed by tumor development. The reasons for this are as yet unresolved. The purpose of the present study is to explore the mechanisms why a high(More)
Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether (EGME) is a known reproductive toxicant that induces luteal hypertrophy in rat ovaries. In this study, we characterized the histopathological features of corpora lutea (CL) from EGME-treated rats and compared them with normal CL formation and regression. Normally cycling female Sprague-Dawley rats were treated with(More)
Proteomic analysis was carried out for neuronal vacuolation in rat retrosplenial cortex (RSC) induced by MK-801, a N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist. Female rats were given a single subcutaneous (sc) injection of either MK-801 (9 mg/kg in saline) or saline. Comparison of changes in proteins in the RSC region between MK-801- and saline-treated(More)
Vitamin A deficiency (VAD) caused by malnutrition and certain intestinal diseases induces visual impairments, including night blindness and photoreceptor cell dysfunction as indicated by reduced a‑ and b‑waves in an electroretinogram (ERG). The effects of VAD on the inner retinal layer cells, including amacrine and ganglion cells, remain to be elucidated.(More)
Maxillary gingivae from male and female Crl:CD(SD) rats at 12, 16, 21, and 34 weeks of age were examined histologically. The incidence of gingivitis was approximately 40%, with no age or sex predilection, and was most frequent between the first and second molar. Lesions were characterized by acute focal neutrophilic infiltration into the gingival mucosa,(More)
Acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) at single doses of 125, 250, and 500mg/kg was administered to pregnant rats on Gestation Day (GD) 10, and skeletal changes in fetuses harvested on GD 20 and pups on post-natal (PN) Day 21 were evaluated. Changes in cartilage and ossified bones identified by Alizarin Red S single-staining were compared with Alizarin Red S and(More)