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Detection of novel tumor-related antigens and autoantibodies in cancer patients is expected to facilitate the diagnosis of early-stage malignant tumor and establish effective new immunotherapies. The purpose of this study was to identify novel tumor antigens in an esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) cell line (TE-2) and related autoantibodies in sera(More)
PURPOSE Detection of novel tumor-related antigens and autoantibodies will aid in diagnosis of early-stage cancer and in development of more effective immunotherapies. The purpose of this study was to identify novel tumor antigens in an esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) cell line (TE-2) and related autoantibodies in sera from patients with ESCC using(More)
Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry were used to make a catalogue of soluble proteins in the human vitreous humor (VH). Fifty-one different proteins were identified on silver-stained two-dimensional (2D) gel patterns with VH proteins obtained from diabetic retinopathy and macular hole. Thirty of these have not been listed in the(More)
A catalogue of proteins in the human vitreous humor may contribute to elucidating the pathogenesis of various diseases in ophthalmology. To improve the recovery of proteins in vitreous, we applied one-dimensional sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (1D-PAGE). Proteins were extracted from unstained gel strips and digested in gel with(More)
Molybdenum cofactor deficiency is a fatal neurological disorder, which follows an autosomal-recessive trait and is characterized by combined deficiency of the enzyme, sulfite oxidase, xanthine dehydrogenase and aldehyde oxidase. Early detection of molybdenum cofactor-deficient patients is essential for their proper care and genetic counseling of families at(More)
While the association of homocystinuria with disease is known for more than four decades, mild hyperhomocysteinemia has been detected more recently as a risk factor for a number of diseases. However, the mechanism which apparently renders (even mild) hyperhomocystenemia harmful is not known. Following reports on N-homocysteinylation of proteins by the(More)
Identification of novel tumor-related antigens and autoantibodies will lead to early diagnosis of cancer and the development of more effective immunotherapies. The purpose of this study was to identify novel tumor antigens from the gastric cancer cell lines MkN-1, MkN-45 and KATOIII, and their related autoantibodies in sera of patients with gastric cancer(More)
BACKGROUND Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is the most common inflammatory joint disease. The aetiology of RA remains unknown, but autoimmune responses are considered to play an important role in the disease pathophysiology. Currently available data suggests that the process of diagnosing RA may benefit from testing for anticyclic citrullinated peptides.(More)
Some variant proteins cause diseases, and some diseases result in increases of proteins with abnormally modified structures. The detection, characterization, and estimation of the relative amounts of protein variants and abnormally modified proteins are important for clinical diagnosis and for elucidation of the mechanisms of the pathogenesis of diseases.(More)
We applied electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) to identify hemoglobin (Hb) variants, and to assess the effect of the variants on routine measurements of a glycated Hb, HbA1c. Over the past 8 years, we have diagnosed 83 cases, including 42 kinds of variant Hb, using MS as the main technology. Of these variants, 3 were new, and 9 were the first(More)