Toyoaki Ohbuchi

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Laryngotracheal separation is a simple and reliable operation for the treatment of patients with repetitive and intractable aspiration; however, it is apprehended that pooling in the tracheal blind pouch may cause postoperative complications. In the present study, we examined drainage of the blind pouch created by laryngotracheal separation. Fourteen(More)
Allyl isothiocyanates (AITC) and cinnamaldehyde are pungent compounds present in mustard oil and cinnamon oil, respectively. These compounds are well known as transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) agonists. TRPA1 is activated by low temperature stimuli, mechanosensation and pungent irritants such as AITC and cinnamaldehyde. TRPA1 is often(More)
We have generated rats bearing an oxytocin (OXT)-monomeric red fluorescent protein 1 (mRFP1) fusion transgene. The mRFP1 fluorescence was highly visible in ventral part of the supraoptic nucleus (SON) and the posterior pituitary in a whole mount. mRFP1 fluorescence in hypothalamic sections was also observed in the SON, the paraventricular nucleus (PVN), and(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aimed to create a multiple regression model for predicting hearing outcomes of idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL). METHODS The participants were 205 consecutive patients (205 ears) with ISSNHL (hearing level ≥ 40 dB, interval between onset and treatment ≤ 30 days). They received systemic steroid administration(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS The efficacy of intratympanic steroid administration was examined in comparison with hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy in patients with idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL). STUDY DESIGN Retrospective study. METHODS Two hundred seventy-six consecutive patients with ISSNHL (average hearing levels at 250, 500, 1,000,(More)
INTRODUCTION We report an extremely rare case of a migratory fish bone penetrating through the thyroid gland. CASE PRESENTATION A 56-year-old Japanese woman presented with a two-month history of a painless cutaneous fistula in her anterior neck with pus discharge. Endoscopic examinations showed no abnormality, but computed tomography revealed a(More)
The expression of the relaxin-3 gene, detected as a new member of the insulin superfamily using human genomic databases, is abundantly present in the brain and testis. Intracerebroventricularly (icv) administered relaxin-3 stimulates food intake. Icv administered relaxin (identical to relaxin-2 in humans) affects the secretion of vasopressin and drinking(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated the electrical impedance of and the expressions of tight junction molecules in the cholesteatoma epithelium to provide supporting evidence for the acid lysis theory of bone resorption in middle ear cholesteatoma. METHODS Study subjects were patients with primary acquired middle ear cholesteatoma and those with(More)
We examined the effects of kainic acid (KA)-induced seizures on arginine vasopressin (AVP) gene expression in the paraventricular (PVN) and the supraoptic nuclei (SON) of normal rats using in situ hybridization histochemistry. We also investigated the expression of the AVP-enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP) fusion gene after KA-induced seizures in(More)
Body fluid balance requires the release of arginine vasopressin (AVP) from the neurohypophysis. The hypothalamic supraoptic nucleus (SON) is a major site of AVP synthesis, and AVP release is controlled somatodendritically or at the level of nerve terminals by electrical activities of magnocellular neurosecretory cells (MNCs). Acid-sensing ion channels(More)