Toyoaki Ogawa

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AIMS The aim of the present study was to determine whether or not the effect of parenting by the father and mother on outcomes for depression may be different between male and female subjects. METHODS A total of 115 patients were involved in this investigation: 74 had states of depression that continued for more than 2 years, and 41 had symptoms that(More)
An imaginary companion (IC) has been considered to be a transitory phenomenon sometimes seen in the normal developmental process of children. In recent years, however, it has been observed that ICs are related to various disorders, and their clinical significance is again attracting notice. Although an IC may in certain ways aggravate the patient's symptoms(More)
Two different types of pathology can cause social withdrawal: the narcissistic--schizoid personality organization (NSPO) type and the mild Asperger's syndrome (mild developmental disorders) type. Only the former type can be treated by psychoanalytic psychotherapy. In the childhood of both types, one may find traumatic family environments which will result(More)
BACKGROUND Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is an autosomal dominant disorder that manifests with symptoms that might include mental retardation, epilepsy, skin lesions, and hamartomas in the heart, brain, and kidneys. Anecdotal reports have characterized children with TSC as having high music responsiveness despite their developmental delay. This study is(More)
Atypical antipsychotics are rapidly evolving to become the standard pharmacotherapy in schizophrenia; however, the trend of switching to such drugs is not necessarily progressing quickly in East Asia. This might be due to the scarcity of evidence for the efficacy of switching from conventional to atypical antipsychotics, which prompted the authors to(More)
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