Toyin Adeyemi Ogunrinu

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Epileptic seizures are a common and poorly understood comorbidity for individuals with primary brain tumors. To investigate peritumoral seizure etiology, we implanted human-derived glioma cells into severe combined immunodeficient mice. Within 14-18 d, glioma-bearing mice developed spontaneous and recurring abnormal electroencephalogram events consistent(More)
Malignant gliomas have been shown to release glutamate, which kills surrounding brain cells, creating room for tumor expansion. This glutamate release occurs primarily via system xC, a Na+-independent cystine-glutamate exchanger. We show here, in addition, that the released glutamate acts as an essential autocrine/paracrine signal that promotes cell(More)
Glutathione (GSH) is an essential antioxidant responsible for the maintenance of intracellular redox homeostasis. As tumors outgrow their blood supply and become hypoxic, their redox homeostasis is challenged by the production of nitric oxide and reactive oxygen species (ROS). In gliomas, the sustained import of L-cystine via the L-cystine/L-glutamate(More)
Malignant gliomas have been shown to release glutamate, which kills surrounding brain cells, creating room for tumor expansion. This glutamate release occurs primarily via system xC , a Na-independent cystine-glutamate exchanger. We show here, in addition, that the released glutamate acts as an essential autocrine/paracrine signal that promotes cell(More)
Changes in the glioma microenvironment including oxygen (O2) levels, supply of amino acid such as L-glutamate and L-cystine and glutathione (GSH) concentrations play a critical role in glioma biology. Previous data from our laboratory and others have implicated the L-cystine/L-glutamate exchanger, system xc in the invasion and proliferation of cancers(More)
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