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Hypertriglyceridemia is common in the general population, but its mechanism is largely unknown. In previous work human apo CIII transgenic (HuCIIITg) mice were found to have elevated triglyceride levels. In this report, the mechanism for the hypertriglyceridemia was studied. Two different HuCIIITg mouse lines were used: a low expressor line with serum(More)
Heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPGs) are ubiquitous macromolecules. In bone, they are associated with cell surfaces and the extracellular matrix (ECM). The heparan sulfate (HS) chains of HSPGs bind a multitude of bioactive molecules, thereby controlling normal and pathologic processes. The HS-degrading endoglycosidase, heparanase, has been implicated in(More)
BACKGROUND Behçet's disease is known to be strongly associated with HLA-B51 in many different ethnic groups. Recently, it was suggested that MIC-A (major histocompatibility complex class I related gene A) is the pathogenic gene after strong association was found between the MIC-A A6 allele of the transmembrane region and the disease in Japanese and Greek(More)
OBJECTIVES Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels correlate with prognosis in patients with cardiac disease and may be useful in the risk stratification of cardiac patients undergoing noncardiac surgery (NCS). The objective of this study was to examine whether BNP levels predict perioperative events in cardiac patients undergoing NCS. METHODS Patients(More)
Epidemiologic data, family history, clinical data, HLA typing, neutrophilic chemotaxis, and immunofluorescence of clinically normal non-sun-exposed skin were studied in 46 Israeli non-Ashkenazi Jewish and Arab patients with Behçet's syndrome. HLA-B51 was present in 71 percent of the patient group as compared with 13 percent of the control group (relative(More)
An increased sensitivity of adrenalectomized (Adex) rats to intravenous (IV) injection of recombinant human tumor necrosis factor (rHuTNF) was manifested by a marked increase in the rate of mortality. The rats that died exhibited severe hypoglycemia and hypothermia. Administration of 2.5 or 10 micrograms/100 g body weight (3% or 12%) of the lethal dose in(More)
OBJECTIVES The goal of this study was to analyze the genetic disorder of a family with cardiomyopathy, skin disorder, and woolly hair. BACKGROUND Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia (ARVD) is a heart muscle disorder causing arrhythmia and sudden cardiac death. We report a patient with familial autosomal recessive ARVD, woolly hair, and a(More)
OBJECTIVE Naturally occurring CD4+ CD25+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) exert suppressive effects on effector CD4 cells and downregulate experimental autoimmune disorders. We investigated the importance and potential role of Tregs in murine atherogenesis. METHODS AND RESULTS Tregs were investigated comparatively between aged and young apolipoprotein(More)
Several types of transgenic mice were used to study the influence of hypertriglyceridemia and cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) expression on high density lipoprotein (HDL) levels, particle sizes, and metabolism. The presence of the CETP transgene in hypertriglyceridemic human apo CIII transgenic mice lowered HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C) 48% and(More)