Tounsia Aït-Slimane

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In polarized hepatocytes, the predominant route for apical resident proteins to reach the apical bile canalicular membrane is transcytosis. Apical proteins are first sorted to the basolateral membrane from which they are internalized and transported to the opposite surface. We have noted previously that transmembrane proteins and GPI-anchored proteins reach(More)
The ATP-binding cassette transporter ABCB4 is a phosphatidylcholine translocator specifically expressed at the bile canalicular membrane in hepatocytes, highly homologous to the multidrug transporter ABCB1. Variations in the ABCB4 gene sequence cause progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis type 3. We have shown previously that the I541F mutation, when(More)
UNLABELLED Progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis type 3 (PFIC3) is a rare liver disease characterized by early onset of cholestasis that leads to cirrhosis and liver failure before adulthood. PFIC3 may be improved by chronic administration of ursodeoxycholic acid, although in many cases liver transplantation is the only therapy. The disease is(More)
UNLABELLED The ABCB4 transporter mediates phosphatidylcholine (PC) secretion at the canalicular membrane of hepatocytes and its genetic defects cause biliary diseases. Whereas ABCB4 shares high sequence identity with the multidrug transporter, ABCB1, its N-terminal domain is poorly conserved, leading us to hypothesize a functional specificity of this(More)
UNLABELLED Progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis type 3 is caused by biallelic variations of ABCB4, most often (≥70%) missense. In this study, we examined the effects of 12 missense variations identified in progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis type 3 patients. We classified these variations on the basis of the defects thus identified and(More)
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-binding cassette, sub-family B, member 4 (ABCB4), also called multidrug resistance 3 (MDR3), is a member of the ATP-binding cassette transporter superfamily, which is localized at the canalicular membrane of hepatocytes, and mediates the translocation of phosphatidylcholine into bile. Phosphatidylcholine secretion is crucial to(More)
ABCB4 (MDR3) is an adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-binding cassette (ABC) transporter expressed at the canalicular membrane of hepatocytes, where it mediates phosphatidylcholine (PC) secretion. Variations in the ABCB4 gene are responsible for several biliary diseases, including progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis type 3 (PFIC3), a rare disease that(More)
ABCB4/MDR3, a member of the ABC superfamily, is an ATP-dependent phosphatidylcholine translocator expressed at the canalicular membrane of hepatocytes. Defects in the ABCB4 gene are associated with rare biliary diseases. It is essential to understand the mechanisms of its canalicular membrane expression in particular for the development of new therapies.(More)
Targeting of glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored proteins (GPI-APs) in polarized epithelial cells depends on their association with detergent-resistant membrane microdomains called rafts. In MDCK cells, GPI-APs associate with rafts in the trans-Golgi network and are directly delivered to the apical membrane. It has been shown that oligomerization(More)
Genetic variations of the phosphatidylcholine transporter, ABCB4 cause several biliary diseases. The large number of reported variations makes it difficult to foresee a comprehensive study of each variation. To appreciate the reliability of in silico prediction programs, 1) we confronted them with the assessment in cell models of two ABCB4 variations (E528D(More)
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