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OBJECTIVES Females develop cardiovascular diseases and abdominal aortic aneurysms later in life than males. In this study we investigated the diameter and compliance of the distal abdominal aorta in healthy females of varying ages. The results were compared with those obtained previously from healthy males in order to assess potential sex-related(More)
In this study changes in the diameter and compliance of the distal abdominal aorta (76 healthy Caucasian males, 5-71 years old) were determined non-invasively and related to age by means of an ultrasound phase-locked echo-tracking system. The diameter of the aorta increased not only in the period between 5 and 25 years of age, but also by about 30% between(More)
Recent studies in humans have suggested sex differences in venous compliance of the lower limb, with lower compliance in women. Capillary fluid filtration could, however, be a confounder in the evaluation of venous compliance. The venous capacitance and capillary filtration response in the calves of 12 women (23.2 +/- 0.5 years) and 16 men (22.9 +/- 0.5(More)
PURPOSE To relate changing abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) morphology after endovascular grafting to the presence of leakage, collateral perfusion, and other factors. METHODS Thirty-five patients who underwent successful AAA endovascular grafting were evaluated. Self-expanding Z-stents and Dacron grafts were applied in bifurcated and aortomonoiliac(More)
OBJECTIVES Genome wide association studies have consistently reported associations between a region on chromosome 9p21.3 and a broad range of vascular diseases, such as coronary artery disease (CAD), aortic and intracranial aneurysms and type-2 diabetes (T2D). However, clear associations with intermediate phenotypes have not been described so far. To shed(More)
Venous compliance in the calf of humans and its importance for capacitance function in relation to age were studied with the aid of 22, 44, and 59 mmHg lower body negative pressure (LBNP). Negative pressure transmission to the calf as well as changes in calf volume were studied, and venous compliance was calculated [change in volume with pressure change(More)
To the Editor:—Recombinant1 factor VIIa has recently been developed to reduce bleeding complications in hemophilic patients. After injury to the vessel wall, tissue factor (TF) is exposed to the circulating blood and forms complexes with already activated FVII (FVIIa). The complex TF-FVIIa initiates hemostasis at the site of injury by activating FX into(More)
For unknown reasons, there is a greater increase in the risk for cardiovascular complications in diabetic women than in diabetic men. Our aim was to study gender-related differences in the mechanical properties of the great arteries in patients with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) but free from known cardiovascular and cerebrovascular(More)
In this study, age and sex differences in diameter and compliance of the common carotid artery (CCA) were evaluated in 119 healthy subjects with a phase-locked echo-tracking system. The diameter and pulsatile diameter changes were measured, and pressure strain elastic modulus (Ep) and stiffness (beta) were calculated and used as the inverse estimate of(More)
Hypoxia facilitates tumor invasion and metastasis by promoting neovascularization and co-option of tumor cells in the peritumoral vasculature, leading to dissemination of tumor cells into the circulation. However, until recently, animal models and imaging technology did not enable monitoring of the early events of tumor cell invasion and dissemination in(More)