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The purpose of this study was to evaluate acoustic noise in echo planar imaging (EPI) at various magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) centers and to compare EPI acoustic noise with that in other fast pulse sequences. We measured A-weighted root-mean-square sound pressure levels and peak impulse sound pressure levels for EPI, under the same conditions, in eleven(More)
PURPOSE Although an apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) value is often used for differential diagnosis of tumours, it varies with scanning parameters. The present study was performed to investigate the influence of imaging parameters, i.e., b value, repetition time (TR) and echo time (TE), on ADC value. METHODS The phantoms were scanned using diffusion(More)
Characteristics of the acoustic noise generated by magnetic resonance imagers of different systems and performance levels were studied when operating in echo-planar imaging (EPI) sequence. Continuous equivalent A-weighted sound pressure levels (Leq) and peak impulse sound pressure levels (Lpeak) during EPI were measured in 12 clinical super-conducting MRI(More)
Our aim in the present additional study was to investigate the absolute hippocampal volume in normal adults who were divided into eight groups according to their age and gender, because our previous study with voxel-based morphometry (VBM) was not able to show the absolute hippocampal volume. High-spatial-resolution T1-weighted images with 3.0 Tesla(More)
BACKGROUND To determine the optimal surgical management of chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH), we assessed which operative procedure, burr holes or small craniotomy, was more effective on 49 consecutive patients. METHOD We retrospectively classified all cases into two groups according to the intrahematomal membrane structure of CSDH on T2*-weighted magnetic(More)
INTRODUCTION Previous studies revealed a correlation between local brain volume and cognitive function. The aim of the present study was to investigate the correlation between local gray matter volume and the Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised (WMS-R) logical/verbal memory (WMS-R-verbal) score in healthy adults using a 3 Tesla magnetic resonance scanner and(More)
Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (RS-fMRI) is used to investigate brain functional connectivity at rest. However, noise from human physiological motion is an unresolved problem associated with this technique. Following the unexpected previous result that group differences in head motion between control and patient groups caused group(More)
A method was devised for obtaining dynamic contrast-enhanced T1-weighted and relaxation rate (delta R2*) images simultaneously to evaluate regional hemodynamics of the brain tumors. On a 1.5-T MR system, dual dynamic contrast-enhanced images were obtained using a gradient echo (dual echo fast field echo) pulse sequence with the keyhole technique to improve(More)
INTRODUCTION This study aimed to investigate whether the effect of scanner for cortex volumetry with atlas-based method is reduced using Diffeomorphic Anatomical Registration Through Exponentiated Lie Algebra (DARTEL) normalization compared with standard normalization. METHODS Three-dimensional T1-weighted magnetic resonance images (3D-T1WIs) of 21(More)
We developed a novel system for imaging and qualitatively analyzing the surface vessels using near-infrared (NIR) radiation using tuned aperture computed tomography (TACT(®)). The system consisted of a NIR-sensitive CCD camera surrounded by sixty light emitting diodes (with wavelengths alternating between 700 or 810 nm). This system produced thin NIR(More)