Tosiaki Miyati

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PURPOSE Although an apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) value is often used for differential diagnosis of tumours, it varies with scanning parameters. The present study was performed to investigate the influence of imaging parameters, i.e., b value, repetition time (TR) and echo time (TE), on ADC value. METHODS The phantoms were scanned using diffusion(More)
When measuring the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of an image the used parallel magnetic resonance imaging, it was confirmed that there was a problem in the application of past SNR measurement. With the method of measuring the noise from the background signal, SNR with parallel imaging was higher than that without parallel imaging. In the subtraction method(More)
Since ventricular dilation and periventricular abnormal intensities are commonly seen in patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (INPH) on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), dysfunction of white matter may have an important role in the mechanism causing symptoms of INPH. To clarify the pathophysiology of INPH, we analyzed axonal water dynamics(More)
The apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values are calculated by using signal intensity in diffusion-weighted images (DWIs) with two or more different b-value. Therefore, the signal to noise ratio (SNR) of DWI with higher b-value may have a big influence on the measured ADC value. We examined the influence of the imaging parameters on the calculated ADC(More)
BACKGROUND To noninvasively obtain more detailed information on brain perfusion and diffusion using modified triexponential analysis. METHODS On a 3.0 Tesla MRI, diffusion-weighted imaging of the brain with multiple b-values was performed in healthy volunteers (n = 12). We derived perfusion-related, fast-free, and slow-restricted diffusion coefficients(More)
The image characteristics in dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) depend on the partial Fourier fraction and contrast medium concentration. These characteristics were assessed and the modulation transfer function (MTF) was calculated by computer simulation. A digital phantom was created from signal intensity data acquired at(More)
Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (RS-fMRI) is used to investigate brain functional connectivity at rest. However, noise from human physiological motion is an unresolved problem associated with this technique. Following the unexpected previous result that group differences in head motion between control and patient groups caused group(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to first develop and use 1.0 s ultrafast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to confirm the location of the femoral head in non-sedated infants with developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) after reduction with spica cast application in clinical settings. METHODS The ultrafast acquisition was achieved by employing a balanced(More)
OBJECTIVE Lymphoedema involves swelling, especially in the subcutaneous tissues. For lymphoedema management to be successful, it is necessary to remove the interstitial fluid. Subcutaneous echogenicity may be associated with interstitial fluid, but echogenicity is not an indicator for the evaluation of management because we do not directly compare(More)
PURPOSE After cranioplasty with a titanium mesh, radiofrequency (RF)-shielding images appear during magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. To clarify their influence, we evaluated the effect of mesh position, phase-encoding direction, and type of coil employed. MATERIALS AND METHODS On a 1.5-tesla MR imager, we placed a titanium mesh board (100 × 100 × 0.8 mm)(More)