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UNLABELLED The survival of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is often individually different even after surgery for early-stage tumors. Gadolinium ethoxybenzyl diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (Gd-EOB-DTPA)-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been introduced recently to evaluate hepatic lesions with regard to vascularity and the(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate acoustic noise in echo planar imaging (EPI) at various magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) centers and to compare EPI acoustic noise with that in other fast pulse sequences. We measured A-weighted root-mean-square sound pressure levels and peak impulse sound pressure levels for EPI, under the same conditions, in eleven(More)
Characteristics of the acoustic noise generated by magnetic resonance imagers of different systems and performance levels were studied when operating in echo-planar imaging (EPI) sequence. Continuous equivalent A-weighted sound pressure levels (Leq) and peak impulse sound pressure levels (Lpeak) during EPI were measured in 12 clinical super-conducting MRI(More)
PURPOSE To investigate whether gadoxetate disodium affects peripheral capillary oxygen saturation (SpO2) and/or heart rate (HR) during dynamic contrast material-enhanced (DCE) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in patients with liver diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS This retrospective study was approved by the institutional review board, who waived the(More)
PURPOSE To assess the state of cancellous tissue we analyzed the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and fractional anisotropy (FA) in vertebral bone marrow. MATERIALS AND METHODS With 1.5 T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), single-shot diffusion echo planar imaging was used with b factors of 0 and 1000 s/mm(2), diffusion-sensitizing gradient in six(More)
PURPOSE To acquire more detailed information noninvasively through on diffusion and perfusion in normal and cirrhotic livers, we analyzed three diffusion components using triexponential function. MATERIALS AND METHODS Thirty-nine subjects (10 with noncirrhotic liver, 29 with cirrhosis) were assessed using diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging(More)
PURPOSE Although an apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) value is often used for differential diagnosis of tumours, it varies with scanning parameters. The present study was performed to investigate the influence of imaging parameters, i.e., b value, repetition time (TR) and echo time (TE), on ADC value. METHODS The phantoms were scanned using diffusion(More)
Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) has been used to characterize not only the brain, but also the breast by implementation of faster imaging techniques and higher magnetic field strengths. However, the optimum b value, which is an important scan parameter for DW images contrast on 3 T breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has not been established. The(More)
Venous thrombus is subsequently organized and replaced by fibrous connective tissue. However, the sequential changes in venous thrombi are not reliably detected by current noninvasive diagnostic techniques. The purpose of this study is to reveal whether magnetic resonance (MR) can detect venous thrombus, define thrombus age and predict thrombolytic(More)
Differentiation of hepatic tumors is often evaluated in terms of qualitative diagnostic performance. The signal intensity patterns of hepatic masses are known to differ on certain T2-weighted imaging sequences. In this study, we investigated the quantitative analysis of hepatic masses by using an index called the "T2-shine ratio." Fast-spin-echo (FSE),(More)