Toshiyuki Yano

Learn More
Ischemic preconditioning (PC) suppresses chemical coupling of cardiomyocytes via gap junctions (GJs) during ischemia, which is an adjunct mechanism of protection. The aim of this study was to characterize roles of protein kinases in PC-induced GJ modulation. In isolated rat hearts, ventricular tissues were sampled before and after ischemia with or without(More)
The interleukin-10 knockout mouse (IL10tm/tm) has been proposed as a model for human frailty, a geriatric syndrome characterized by skeletal muscle (SM) weakness, because it develops an age-related decline in SM strength compared to control (C57BL/6J) mice. Compromised energy metabolism and energy deprivation appear to play a central role in muscle weakness(More)
OBJECTIVE—Alteration in endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in diabetic hearts and its effect on cytoprotective signaling are unclear. Here, we examine the hypothesis that ER stress in diabetic hearts impairs phospho– glycogen synthase kinase (GSK)-3␤–mediated suppression of mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) opening, compromising myocardial(More)
BACKGROUND Excessive extracellular glutamate produced by cerebral ischemia has been proposed to initiate the cascade toward neuronal cell death. Changes in extracellular glutamate concentration are closely linked to changes in intracellular calcium ion concentration. Dantrolene inhibits calcium release from intracellular calcium stores. In this study, the(More)
The gap junction plays roles not only in electrical coupling of cardiomyocytes but also in intercellular transport of biologically active substances. Furthermore, the gap junction participates in decision making on cell survival versus cell death in various types of cells, and a part of reperfusion injury in the heart has been indicated to be gap junction(More)
BACKGROUND Diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with an increased risk of ischemic heart disease and of adverse outcomes following myocardial infarction (MI). Here we assessed the role of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in ventricular dysfunction and outcomes after MI in type 2 DM (T2DM). METHODOLOGY AND PRINCIPAL FINDINGS In hearts of OLETF, a rat(More)
The objective of this study was to examine the hypothesis that hypertensive hypertrophy is vulnerable to infarction and defective in cytoprotective mechanisms by modification of intracellular signaling and mitochondrial proteins. Myocardial infarction was induced by 20-minute coronary occlusion/reperfusion in spontaneously hypertensive stroke-prone rats(More)
BACKGROUND Abnormal ventricular repolarization is a predictor of cardiovascular mortality. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that glycemic control reverses abnormal ventricular repolarization in patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS We analyzed longitudinal changes in repolarization indices of electrocardiograms in retrospectively enrolled 44(More)
Excessive glutamate accumulation in extracellular space due to ischemia in the central nervous system (CNS) is believed to initiate the cascade toward irreversible neuronal damage. An intravenous general anesthetic, propofol (2,6-diisopropylphenol) has been implicated to be neuroprotective against cerebral ischemia. The purpose of this study was to test the(More)
Loss of mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm) is known to be closely linked to cell death by various insults. However, whether acceleration of the ΔΨm recovery process prevents cell necrosis remains unclear. Here we examined the hypothesis that facilitated recovery of ΔΨm contributes to cytoprotection afforded by activation of the mitochondrial(More)