Toshiyuki Yano

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Oxidative stress plays a pivotal role in chronic heart failure. SIRT1, an NAD(+)-dependent histone/protein deacetylase, promotes cell survival under oxidative stress when it is expressed in the nucleus. However, adult cardiomyocytes predominantly express SIRT1 in the cytoplasm, and its function has not been elucidated. The purpose of this study was to(More)
Recently we found that the level of anti-infarct tolerance afforded by ischemic preconditioning (IPC) and erythropoietin (EPO) infusion was closely correlated with the level of Ser9-phospho-GSK-3beta upon reperfusion in the heart. To get an insight into the mechanism by which phospho-GSK-3beta protects the myocardium from ischemia/reperfusion injury, we(More)
RATIONALE The diabetic heart is resistant to ischemic preconditioning because of diabetes-associated impairment of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)-Akt signaling. The mechanism by which PI3K-Akt signaling is impaired by diabetes remains unclear. OBJECTIVE Here, we examined the hypothesis that phosphorylation of Jak2 upstream of PI3K is impaired in(More)
The aim of the present study was to examine the hypothesis that acceleration of gap junction (GJ) closure during ischemia contributes to anti-infarct tolerance afforded by preconditioning (PC). First, the effects of PC on GJ communication during ischemia were assessed. Isolated buffer-perfused rabbit hearts were subjected to 5-min global ischemia with or(More)
OBJECTIVE Alteration in endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in diabetic hearts and its effect on cytoprotective signaling are unclear. Here, we examine the hypothesis that ER stress in diabetic hearts impairs phospho-glycogen synthase kinase (GSK)-3beta-mediated suppression of mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) opening, compromising myocardial(More)
RESULTS—Levels of ER chaperones (GRP78 and GRP94) in the myocardium and level of nonphoshopho–GSK-3 in the mitochondria were significantly higher in OLETF than in LETO rats. TUDCA normalized levels of GRP78 and GRP94 and mitochondrial GSK-3 in OLETF rats. Administration of erythropoietin (EPO) induced phosphorylation of Akt and GSK-3 and reduced infarct(More)
RATIONALE There is tight coupling between Akt activation and suppression of cell death. Full Akt activation requires mammalian target of rapamycin complex 2 (mTORC2), but the regulation of mTORC2 is unclear. OBJECTIVE To gain new insights into mechanisms of mTORC2/Akt signaling. METHODS AND RESULTS The role of mTORC2 in cardioprotection was examined. In(More)
Postinfarct remodeling impairs mechanisms of ischemic preconditioning. We examined whether myocardial response to activation of the erythropoietin (EPO) receptor is modified by postinfarct remodeling. Four weeks after induction of myocardial infarction (MI) by coronary ligation in post-MI group (post-MI) or a sham operation in sham group (sham), rat hearts(More)
Glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β) is a major positive regulator of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP), a principle trigger of cell death, under the condition of oxidative stress. However, the mechanism by which cytosolic GSK-3β translocates to mitochondria, promoting mPTP opening, remains unclear. Here we addressed this issue by(More)
Ischemic preconditioning (PC) suppresses chemical coupling of cardiomyocytes via gap junctions (GJs) during ischemia, which is an adjunct mechanism of protection. The aim of this study was to characterize roles of protein kinases in PC-induced GJ modulation. In isolated rat hearts, ventricular tissues were sampled before and after ischemia with or without(More)