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We propose and experimentally demonstrate a transformation of two Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen photon pairs distributed among three parties into a three-photon W state using local operations and classical communication. We then characterize the final state using quantum state tomography on the three-photon state and on its marginal bipartite states. The fidelity… (More)
We propose a simple probabilistic optical gate to expand polarization entangled W states. The gate uses one polarization-dependent beamsplitter and a horizontally polarized single photon as an ancilla. The gate post-selectively expands N-photon W states to (N + 1)-photon W states. A feasibility analysis considering the realistic experimental conditions show… (More)
We demonstrate an optical gate that increases the size of polarization-based W states by accessing only one of the qubits. Using this gate, we have generated three-photon and four-photon W states with fidelities 0.836 ± 0.042 and 0.784 ± 0.028, respectively. We also confirmed the existence of pairwise entanglement in every pair of qubits, including the one… (More)
We propose and demonstrate a scheme for boosting the efficiency of entanglement distribution based on a decoherence-free subspace over lossy quantum channels. By using backward propagation of a coherent light, our scheme achieves an entanglement-sharing rate that is proportional to the transmittance T of the quantum channel in spite of encoding qubits in… (More)
We report experimental demonstration of an optical gate that increases the size of polarization-entangled W-states by accessing only one qubit, and discuss strategies of local expansion and fusion to prepare large scale W-state networks.
We have theoretically proposed and experimentally demonstrated that two EPR photon pairs can be transformed into a three-photon W state by local operation and classical communication (LOCC). The fidelity of the final state to the ideal W state was 0.778 ± 0.043. The obtained expectation value of the witness operator for distinguishing between the… (More)
We experimentally characterize a quantum photonic gate that is capable of converting multiqubit entangled states while acting only on two qubits. It is an important tool in large quantum networks, where it can be used for re-wiring of multipartite entangled states or for generating various entangled states required for specific tasks. The gate can be also… (More)