Toshiyuki Someya

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Epidermal growth factor (EGF) comprises a structurally related family of proteins containing heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor (HB-EGF) and transforming growth factor alpha (TGFalpha) that regulates the development of dopaminergic neurons as well as monoamine metabolism. We assessed the contribution of EGF to schizophrenia by measuring EGF family(More)
BACKGROUND Neural endocannabinoid function appears to be involved in schizophrenia. Two endocannabinoid receptors, CB1 and CB2, are found in the brain and elsewhere in the body. We investigated roles of CB2 in schizophrenia. MATERIALS AND METHODS An association study was performed between tag single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the CNR2 gene(More)
Neurotrophic factors regulate neuronal development as well as synaptic plasticity, and their impairment is often implicated as a cause of schizophrenia. Among various neurotrophic molecules, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels have been found to be increased in the corticolimbic regions of patients' brains. In the present study, we assessed(More)
OBJECTIVE This study reports the first paired measurements of glucose metabolism and size of thalamic regions in never-medicated schizophrenic patients using coregistered magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) templates. METHOD Positron emission tomography with [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose and matching MRI scans were obtained in 20 never-medicated patients with(More)
Neuregulin-1 (NRG1) gene is implicated in the etiology or neuropathology of schizophrenia, although its biological contribution to this illness is not fully understood. We have established an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), which recognizes the NRG1β1 immunoglobulin-like (Ig) domain, and measured soluble Ig-NRG1 immunoreactivity in the sera of(More)
Many postsynaptic density proteins carrying postsynaptic density-95/discs large/zone occludens-1 (PDZ) domain(s) interact with glutamate receptors to control receptor dynamics and synaptic plasticity. Here we examined the expression of PDZ proteins, synapse-associated protein (SAP) 97, postsynaptic density (PSD)-95, chapsyn-110, GRIP1 and SAP102, in(More)
Schizophrenia is a complex genetic disorder and affects approximately 1% of the population worldwide. Recently, Stefansson et al. identified neuregulin 1 (NRG1) on 8p12 as a susceptibility gene for schizophrenia in the Icelandic population. It was reported that the at-risk haplotype ("Hapice") constructed from five SNPs and two microsatellite markers was(More)
We measured the thalamic volumes of 38 subjects with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), including autism, Asperger's disorder, and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified, and 16 matched healthy controls. Thalamic volume in all ASD subgroups was significantly smaller compared with volume in the control subjects.
Interleukin-1 (IL1) is an inflammatory cytokine and exerts neurodegenerative effects in the brain. Several studies have indicated that IL1 is likely to be involved in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia. Recent genetic studies have revealed that the IL1 gene complex (IL,1 alpha, IL1, beta and IL1 receptor antagonist) was associated with schizophrenia,(More)
No instrument for assessing impulsiveness has been developed in Japan. After translating the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale 11th version (BIS-11) into Japanese, we investigated reliability and validity in student (n = 34) and worker (n = 416) samples. To assess test-retest reliability, the intraclass coefficient between test and retest was calculated in the(More)