Toshiyuki Osaka

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The thermosensitivity of 65 spontaneously active neurons in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) was investigated by extracellular recording in the rat hypothalamic slice preparation. The firing rate of these cells was comparatively low, ranging from 0.03 to 10.0 (mean 2.46) impulses/s at 37 degrees C, and only a minority showed a phasic firing pattern. Of 65(More)
An ischemic myocardial region contains cells with a depolarized resting membrane potential. This depolarization leads to an intercellular current flow between the ischemic region and the surrounding normal myocardial cells, which has been termed an "injury current." We have devised an experimental model system in which an isolated rabbit ventricular cell is(More)
The site of action for the sleep-promoting effect of prostaglandin (PG) D2 was extensively examined in the brain of adult male rats (n = 231). PGD2 was administered at 100 pmol/0.2 microliter per min for 6 hr (2300-0500 hr) through chronically implanted microdialysis probes or infusion cannulae. Among the administrations of PDG2 by dialysis probes (n =(More)
Extracellular recordings were made from 467 anti-dromically identified neurosecretory neurons and 148 non-neurosecretory neurons in the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus of hemispherectomized cats under pentobarbital anesthesia. Stimulation of the dorsal, median, and pontine raphe nuclei excited 31%, 26%, and 12% of neurosecretory neurons tested,(More)
The effects of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) antagonists on baroreceptor-activated inhibition of neurosecretory cells in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) were examined in urethane-chloralose anesthetized rats. In 11 neurosecretory cells which were inhibited by baroreceptor activation induced by intravenous application of phenylephrine,(More)
Extracellular recordings were made from 44 spontaneously active neurosecretory and 43 unidentified neurons in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of the hypothalamus in urethane-anesthetized rats. Physiologically hypertonic (+30 mOsm/kg, NaCl or mannitol) and hypotonic (-30 mOsm/kg) solutions were applied by pressure through multibarrel micropipettes to the(More)
We investigated the postnatal development of L-type Ca2+ current (ICa) in enzymatically isolated adult (AD) and newborn (NB) (1-3-day-old) rabbit ventricular cells using the whole-cell, patch-clamp method. ICa was recorded with Cs(+)-rich pipettes and a Na(+)- and K(+)-free bath solution at 36 degrees C to eliminate other currents. ICa density (obtained by(More)
In male rats anesthetized with urethane-chloralose, extracellular recordings were made from tuberoinfundibular (TI) neurons in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) identified by antidromic stimulation of the median eminence. Activation of baroreceptors induced by intravenous administration of phenylephrine inhibited approximately two-thirds of the 32(More)
The influence of activation sequences on action potential configuration, especially in the repolarization phase, was examined in isolated canine ventricular muscles. Action potentials were recorded from the epicardial surface in the center of a preparation having nearly uniform fiber orientation (25 X 25 mm). Stimuli applied just adjacent to the recording(More)
Responses of sleep-related neurons in the preoptic area (POA) to stimulation of the locus coeruleus (LC) and the ventrolateral medulla (VLM), components of the reticular activating system, were recorded in the unanesthetized, head-restrained rat. Single-pulse stimulation of the LC and the VLM, respectively, inhibited 50% and 54% of 30 sleep-active neurons(More)