Toshiyuki Murase

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H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (HPAIV) was reintroduced and caused outbreaks in chickens in the 2010-2011 winter season in Japan, which had been free from highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) since 2007 when HPAI outbreaks occurred and were controlled. On 14 October 2010 at Lake Ohnuma, Wakkanai, the northernmost part of Hokkaido, Japan,(More)
BACKGROUND Thymic neuroendocrine tumor (carcinoid tumor) is rare, and prognosis for patients with this tumor has been difficult to predict. METHODS The medical records of 15 patients were reviewed, and the patients were classified according to tentative TNM classification and histologic grade. RESULTS Ten (66.7%) of 15 patients were male. Lymph node(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the clinical and immunogenetic heterogeneity of IDDM. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We divided 207 IDDM patients into groups based on the interval from clinical onset to initiation of insulin therapy: group A (< 3 mo, acute clinical-onset group, n = 134), group B (3-12 mo, intermediate group, n = 31), and group C (> or = 13 mo, slowly(More)
OBJECTIVE: Obesity has increased at an alarming rate in recent years and is now a worldwide health problem. We investigated the effects of long-term feeding with tea catechins, which are naturally occurring polyphenolic compounds widely consumed in Asian countries, on the development of obesity in C57BL/6J mice.DESIGN: We measured body weight, adipose(More)
To elucidate the role of diet in the etiology of bladder cancer, we conducted a case-control study from 1996 to 1999 in Aichi Prefecture, Central Japan. Cases were patients newly diagnosed with bladder cancer, and one hospital control was selected for each case, matching gender, age, and hospital. A well-validated food frequency questionnaire was adopted to(More)
The plasma concentration of arginine vasopressin (AVP) is closely regulated by plasma osmolality. In this study, we used intronic in-situ hybridization to investigate the transcriptional activity of the AVP gene in the supraoptic nucleus (SON) and paraventricular nucleus (PVN) after intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of hypertonic saline inducing small(More)
BACKGROUND Oxidized LDL (Ox-LDL) seems to play key roles in atherogenesis. Lectinlike Ox-LDL receptor-1 (LOX-1) is a recently identified cell-surface receptor for Ox-LDL. The relationship of this novel receptor for Ox-LDL to atherogenesis, however, has not yet been clarified. In this study, we explored the expression of LOX-1 in the atherosclerotic lesions(More)
Diacylglycerol (DG) comprises up to approximately 10% of various edible oils. In the present study, we examined the effects of dietary DG consisting mainly of 1,3-species on body weight, body fat accumulation, and mRNA levels of various genes involved in energy homeostasis in obesity-prone C57BL/6J mice. Five-month feeding with the high triacylglycerol (TG)(More)
We previously reported that the hypermethylation of the p15INK4B gene promoter was frequently observed in myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), and that it may be associated with disease progression. An unanswered question is whether p15INK4B gene methylation is restricted to undifferentiated blastic cells, or whether differentiated cells such as granulocytes or(More)
Analysis of glycogen debranching enzyme (debrancher) cDNA from a patient with glycogen storage disease type III revealed a deletion of 124 base pairs. A donor splice site mutation (IVS G+1 to T) was identified in the patient's debrancher gene, which caused exon skipping of the upstream exon and resulted in a truncated enzyme due to premature termination.(More)