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UNLABELLED Skeletal muscle glucose utilization (SMGU) can be measured by dynamic PET imaging with (18)F-FDG to characterize insulin resistance. The aim of this study was to determine the validity of simple methods to quantify SMGU by static PET imaging. METHODS Ten patients underwent dynamic (18)F-FDG PET of the femoral region during hyperinsulinemic(More)
We have developed a method for the noninvasive estimation of regional tissue glucose utilization in humans that employs positron emission tomography (PET) and 2-(18F)fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose (FDG). Unlike other methods, the input function used in this method is obtained from the corrected time-activity curve of the descending aorta, not the left ventricle,(More)
UNLABELLED Recently, troglitazone has emerged as an insulin sensitizer for the treatment of type II diabetes. However, its effect on skeletal muscle glucose use (SMGU) has not been studied. METHODS To investigate the effect of troglitazone on SMGU in patients with type II diabetes, we undertook skeletal muscle (18)F-FDG PET dynamic imaging under insulin(More)
The pathogenesis of aortic aneurysm (AA) is characterized by degradation of extracellular matrix with increased matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and inflammatory reaction. Doxycycline (DOXY) has been reported to control the extension of AA by regulation of MMP. However, systemic administration may cause adverse side effects. In this study, we demonstrated(More)
AIMS Impaired myocardial vasodilatation during hyperaemic stress with dipyridamole has been documented in hypercholesterolaemics without evidence of ischaemia. This study investigated whether two commonly used hydroxymethylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors, simvastatin and pravastatin, are equally effective in restoring myocardial vasodilatation. (More)
We previously found that the isovolumic pressure curve of the left ventricle and the isometric twitch force curve of the right ventricular in situ papillary muscle, both of the blood-perfused canine heart, were precisely fitted by our newly proposed hybrid logistic function. This function describes the difference between the two S-shaped logistic functions(More)
OBJECTIVE Skeletal muscle glucose utilization (SMGU) can be measured by 18F-FDG PET to characterize insulin resistance. The aim of this study was to determine whether femoral muscle SMGU can be measured without arterial blood sampling by sequential PET imaging of the thoracic and femoral regions. METHODS Ten patients with possible insulin resistance(More)
Poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) hydrogels interacting with DNA mediated by hydrogen bonds (PVA/DNA hydrogel) were developed using ultra-high pressure (UHP) technology. The goal was to create a new method of gene delivery by controlled release of DNA. Mixed solutions of DNA and PVA at various concentrations were pressurized at 10,000 atmospheres at 37 degrees C(More)
We have succeeded in reducing the calcification of acellular aortas or valves in porcine allogeneic system by removing the DNA and phospholipids, but its further reduction is desirable. Here, the calcification of the acellular tissue was evaluated in rat subcutaneous transplantation model which is known as calcification model. Acellular samples prepared by(More)
We developed a microfibrous poly(L-lactic acid) (PLLA) nerve conduit with a three-layered structure to simultaneously enhance nerve regeneration and prevent adhesion of surrounding tissue. The inner layer was composed of PLLA microfiber containing 25% elastin-laminin mimetic protein (AG73-(VPGIG)30) that promotes neurite outgrowth. The thickest middle layer(More)