Toshiyuki Masuzawa

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Cucumisin is a thermostable alkaline serine protease that is found in the juice of melon fruits (Cucumis melo L.). We have determined the complete nucleotide sequence of a cucumisin cDNA (2,552 nucleotides) and deduced the corresponding amino acid sequence. The open reading frame of the cDNA consists of 731 codons and encodes a large precursor (molecular(More)
Lyme borreliosis is the most prevalent tick-borne zoonosis and an important emerging infection in Europe, North America, and Far Eastern countries. The geographical distribution of Borrelia spp. and the relationship between Borrelia spp. and tick spp. in East Asian countries have been studied. In Northern Asian countries, Ixodes persulcatus carries(More)
To evaluate the prevalence rate of tick-borne bacterial pathogens, unfed adult Ixodes ricinus ticks were collected from vegetation in 2001, 2003, and 2004 at 18 localities throughout Serbia. A total of 287 ticks were examined by PCR technique for the presence of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, Anaplasma phagocytophilum, and Francisella tularensis. The(More)
Borrelia sp. prevalence in ticks on migratory birds was surveyed in central Japan. In autumn, a total of 1,733 birds representing 40 species were examined for ticks. A total of 361 ticks were obtained from 173 birds of 15 species, and these ticks were immature Haemaphysalis flava (94.4%), Haemaphysalis longicornis, Ixodes columnae, Ixodes persulcatus,(More)
1. We studied the effects of polyamine toxins derived from a spider venom on CA1 pyramidal neurons in gerbil hippocampal slices by patch-clamp recording. Joro spider toxin (JSTX) and its synthetic analogue, 1-naphthyl acetyl spermine (Naspm), which are known to block non-N-methyl-D-aspartate (non-NMDA) receptor in a subunit specific manner, were used. 2.(More)
The tick Ixodes ricinus is responsible for the transmission of a number of bacterial, protozoan and viral diseases to humans and animals in Europe and Northern Africa. Female I. ricinus from England, Switzerland and Italy have been found to harbour an intracellular alpha-proteobacterium, designated IricES1, within the cells of the ovary. IricES1 is the only(More)
Borrelia isolated from various sources in Japan, including rare species of ixodid ticks, Ixodes tanuki, I. turdus, and I. columnae, were characterized by restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis and sequencing analysis of the 5S-23S rRNA intergenic spacer amplicon. Borrelia sp. isolated from I. tanuki, I. turdus and I. columnae generated(More)
A survey was performed for Lyme disease borrelia in the southern part of China, in Zhejiang, Sichuan and Anhui provinces, along the Yangtze River valley, in May of 1997 and 1998. Twenty isolates from Ixodes granulatus, Ixodes ovatus, Apodemus agrarius and Niviventer confucianus were obtained. These isolates were characterized by RFLP of the 5S-23S rDNA(More)
BACKGROUND Although multidrug resistance protein 2 (MRP2) confers chemoresistance in some cancer types, its implication on oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) remains unclear. METHODS We evaluated MRP2 expression by immunohistochemistry and RT-PCR using 81 resected specimens from ESCC patients who did or did not receive neo-adjuvant chemotherapy(More)