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Recent studies in both human and rodents have indicated that in addition to CD4+ T cells, CD8+ T cells play an important role in allergic inflammation. We previously demonstrated that allergen-sensitized and -challenged CD8-deficient (CD8-/-) mice develop significantly lower airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR), eosinophilic inflammation, and IL-13 levels in(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the use of inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) becoming increasingly widespread, many problems related to asthma management still need to be addressed. One of them, obesity, has been reported to exert a harmful influence on asthma control. However, there have been few reports focusing not only on both obesity and its influence on Japanese asthma(More)
RATIONALE Leukotriene B4 (LTB4) is a rapidly synthesized, early leukocyte chemoattractant that signals via its cell surface receptor, leukotriene B4 receptor 1 (BLT1), to attract and activate leukocytes during inflammation. A role for the LTB4-BLT1 pathway in allergen-induced airway hyperresponsiveness and inflammation is not well defined. OBJECTIVES To(More)
Dendritic cells (DC) are important APCs that control allergen-induced airway responses by interacting directly with T cells. Leukotriene B(4) (LTB(4)), interacting with its high-affinity receptor, LTB(4) receptor 1 (BLT1), is known to attract and activate leukocytes during inflammation. We have previously shown that BLT1 expression on Ag-primed T cells is(More)
Peripheral tolerance to allergens is mediated in large part by the naturally occurring lung CD4(+)CD25(+) T cells, but their effects on allergen-induced airway responsiveness have not been well defined. Intratracheal, but not i.v., administration of naive lung CD4(+)CD25(+) T cells before allergen challenge of sensitized mice, similar to the administration(More)
We report the case of a 44-year-old woman with disseminated Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) infection involving multiple bone lesions despite a normal healthy status until 6 months previously. Because she was suspected to have acquired immunodeficiency, we tested interferon (IFN)-gamma production by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) after(More)
OBJECTIVE Prevention of deaths due to asthma is one of the most important issues in asthma management. However, there are few epidemiological studies of asthma deaths in Japan. METHODOLOGY Over an 8-week period in Niigata Prefecture, Japan, a questionnaire on asthma control and emergency episodes was administered to adult asthmatic patients. A(More)
RATIONALE There is conflicting information about the development and resolution of airway inflammation and airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) after repeated airway exposure to allergen in sensitized mice. METHODS Sensitized BALB/c and C57BL/6 mice were exposed to repeated allergen challenge on 3, 7, or 11 occasions. Airway function in response to inhaled(More)
Airway remodeling in bronchial asthma results from chronic, persistent airway inflammation. The effects of the reversal of airway remodeling by drug interventions remain to be elucidated. We investigated the effects of ONO-1301, a novel prostacyclin agonist with thromboxane inhibitory activity, on the prevention and reversibility of airway remodeling in an(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) are considered to be the most efficient antigen-presenting cells. Intratracheal administration of allergen-pulsed bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (BMDCs) before allergen challenge induces airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) and inflammation. Ovalbumin (OVA)-pulsed BMDCs from wild-type (WT) mice were transferred into naive WT,(More)