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Mitochondrial fusion and fission processes play a role in a variety of cell functions, including energy metabolism, cell differentiation and programmed cell death. Still, it is not clear how these processes contribute to the cell functions. Here, we investigated the role of mitochondrial remodelling on lipid metabolism in adipocytes. In 3T3-L1(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this phase II study was to evaluate the efficacy of combination chemotherapy consisting of docetaxel and carboplatin in patients with inoperable non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). PATIENTS AND METHODS For this multicenter phase II study, the eligibility criteria included histologically or cytologically proven inoperable NSCLC,(More)
BACKGROUND Indoor formaldehyde (FA) might worsen allergies and be an underlying factor for the increasing incidence and severity of asthma; the exact mechanism, however, remains unclear. OBJECTIVE The present study examined the effects of repeated exposure to FA on methacholine- and antigen-induced bronchoconstriction in guinea-pigs in vivo. METHODS(More)
A 21-year-old woman presented with acute progressive dyspnea. Chest computed tomography (CT) revealed diffuse bilateral infiltrates. Based on the results of transbronchial lung biopsy (TBLB) and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and her clinical course, she was diagnosed as having acute eosinophilic pneumonia. We suspected that the disease was related to(More)
To determine the optimum dose of OK-432 for intrathoracic administration, a multicenter randomized phase II trial was conducted in patients with malignant pleural effusion due to non-small cell lung cancer. Patients with histologically- or cytologically-proven malignant pleural effusions were randomized to arm A (10 Klinische Einheit (KE) of OK-432) or arm(More)
AIMS Angiotensin II is a putative mediator in bronchial asthma. There have been very few studies investigating the involvement of angiotensin II receptors in bronchial hyper-responsiveness in asthmatic patients. We examined the effect of candesartan cilexetil, a specific angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptor antagonist, on bronchial responsiveness to inhaled(More)
Metastasis is a feature of malignant neoplasms. Although rare, metastasizing pathologically benign mixed tumour has been reported. This report describes a 33-year-old woman with multiple lung metastases from mixed tumour. A small preauricular mass had been removed 23 years earlier. Six years later, the patient had the same symptom; the recurrent mass was(More)
Gefitinib blocks epidermal growth factor receptor autophosphorylation and subsequently the signal transduction pathways implicated in proliferation, metastasis, invasion, and angiogenesis. Reported adverse reactions to gefitinib include liver injury that is not fully understood. Liver injury was observed in 5 (12.2%) of 41 patients with non-small cell lung(More)
RATIONALE We hypothesized that cough stress of the airway wall results in a self-perpetuating cough-reflex cycle in which antigen-induced increase in cough-reflex sensitivity results in pathologic cough, and the cough in turn further amplifies cough-reflex sensitivity. OBJECTIVES To examine cough-reflex sensitivity in an experimental animal model. (More)
BACKGROUND Late asthmatic response is observed following antigen challenge in actively, but not passively, sensitized guinea pigs. Although cough reflex sensitivity is increased after antigen challenge in actively sensitized guinea pigs, it is unknown whether the antigen-induced increase in cough reflex sensitivity develops in passively sensitized animals.(More)