Toshiyuki Hayashi

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AIM Small dense (sd)-low-density lipoprotein (LDL) is a potent atherogenic lipoprotein. The overall atherogenicity of this lipoprotein can be precisely assessed by quantifying sd-LDL rather than by measuring the LDL size. We studied the effects of representative lipid-lowering agents (statin and fibrate) on sd-LDL-cholesterol (C) in patients with type 2(More)
It remains unclear whether insulin improves dyslipidemia in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Small dense low-density lipoprotein (sd-LDL) particles are recognized as a powerful risk factor for coronary heart disease and are often elevated in type 2 diabetes mellitus. We examined the effect of intensive insulin therapy on sd-LDL particles and(More)
Apolipoprotein (apo) B48 is a structural protein of chylomicrons. Fasting serum levels of apoB48 suggest the presence of small number of remnant chylomicron particles which are thought to be an atherogenic lipoprotein. In view of the high incidence of coronary heart disease (CHD) in patients with diabetic nephropathy, we decided to measure the plasma apoB48(More)
AIM We investigated postprandial changes of apolipoprotein (apo) B48 in type 2 diabetics at different stages of diabetic nephropathy in order to explore non-traditional lipid abnormalities in diabetic nephropathy. METHODS Twenty-two healthy controls and 56 type 2 diabetics with normoalbuminuria (NA), microalbuminuria (MA), and overt albuminuria (OA) were(More)
Small dense low-density lipoprotein (sd LDL) is more atherogenic than large buoyant (lb) LDL, which is relatively high in particle number (as estimated by apolipoprotein [apo] B) and poor in cholesterol (C) content. Because recent epidemiological studies have shown that serum apo B is a stronger predictor of the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) than(More)
AIMS To determine the association of daily and day-to-day glucose variability with oxidative stress. METHODS This was a cross-sectional analysis of 68 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) over 72h of continuous glucose monitoring. Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) were measured before breakfast on day 1. Glucose variability,(More)
Apolipoprotein (apo) A-V has been the focus of significant attention as a potential modulator of plasma triglyceride (TG) in spite of its very low plasma concentration. TG levels are frequently elevated in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), which is associated with a high prevalence of cardiovascular disease among them. We measured plasma apo A-V(More)
INTRODUCTION It remains unknown whether dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors improve early-phase insulin secretion in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D), a disease characterized by impaired insulin secretion. We investigated the changes in insulin secretion before and after treatment with the DPP-4 inhibitor teneligliptin in patients with T2D(More)
BACKGROUND The sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors have been reported to increase both low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol (C). This study aimed to determine how SGLT-2 inhibitors affect LDL and HDL-C subspecies. METHODS This single center, open-label, randomized, prospective study included 80(More)
We previously developed an assay to directly measure small dense (sd) low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels, which is not widely used in general clinical practice. Therefore, we propose a simpler method, “LDL window,” that uses conventional methods for estimating high sdLDL-C levels. We analyzed our previous studies (2006–2008) on healthy(More)
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