Toshiyuki Hayashi

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Near-infrared Fourier transform (FT) Raman spectroscopy was applied to brain tissues in situ. The spectra were obtained from the cerebral cortex, white matter of the cerebrum, caudate-putamen, thalamus, synaptosomal fraction, and myelin fraction. High-quality Raman spectra in the 400 to 2940 cm-1 range were measured without interference of autofluorescence.(More)
Near-infrared (NIR) topography can obtain a topographical distribution of the activated region in the brain cortex. Near-infrared light is strongly scattered in the head, and the volume of tissue sampled by a source-detector pair on the head surface is broadly distributed in the brain. This scattering effect results in poor resolution and contrast in the(More)
Rosenthal fibers are homogeneous eosinophilic masses found in astrocytes that are composed of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) aggregates along with chaperone proteins and other unknown components. Rosenthal fiber formation is a pathological hallmark of Alexander disease and its detection is diagnostically significant. However, the lack of a specific(More)
A 55-year-old woman presented with an epidermoid cyst extending to the cerebellum manifesting as headaches and pain in the left eye. Magnetic resonance imaging showed an intradiploic part with ring enhancement and an intracerebellar part. Intraoperative inspection revealed erosion of the occipital bone and defective dura mater. The tumor was located both(More)
A 63-year-old woman presented with radionecrosis in the bilateral temporal lobes manifesting as dementia about 30 years after undergoing conventional radiotherapy for pituitary adenoma. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging showed edema and cystic lesions in both temporal lobes. The mass in the left temporal lobe was excised. MR imaging 12(More)
INTRODUCTION It remains unknown whether dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors improve early-phase insulin secretion in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D), a disease characterized by impaired insulin secretion. We investigated the changes in insulin secretion before and after treatment with the DPP-4 inhibitor teneligliptin in patients with T2D(More)
BACKGROUND The sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors have been reported to increase both low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol (C). This study aimed to determine how SGLT-2 inhibitors affect LDL and HDL-C subspecies. METHODS This single center, open-label, randomized, prospective study included 80(More)
BACKGROUND We previously developed an assay to directly measure small dense (sd) low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels, which is not widely used in general clinical practice. Therefore, we propose a simpler method, "LDL window," that uses conventional methods for estimating high sdLDL-C levels. METHODS We analyzed our previous studies(More)
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