Toshiyuki Fujisaki

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Mice devoid of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), an intermediate filament protein specifically expressed in astrocytes, develop normally and do not show any detectable abnormalities in the anatomy of the brain. In the cerebellum, excitatory synaptic transmission from parallel fibers (PFs) or climbing fibers (CFs) to Purkinje cells is unaltered, and(More)
We investigated the antinociceptive effects produced by peripheral electric stimulation (PES) in mice and the influence of administration of L-5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP), methysergide and naloxone on the antinociceptive effect of the PES. Administration of 5-HTP enhanced antinociceptive effects induced by PES, while methysergide and naloxone abolished this(More)
BACKGROUND Skeletal muscle metabolism is a major determinant of resting energy expenditure (REE). Although the severe muscle loss that characterizes Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) may alter REE, this has not been extensively investigated. METHODS We studied REE in 77 patients with DMD ranging in age from 10 to 37 years using a portable indirect(More)
Cyclosporine-A (CsA) and its analogues have been shown to directly alter locomotor activity. The present study examined CsA effects on spontaneous preferential behavior in adult rats, using a two-shuttle compartment box. The initial preference (>450 s staying time) of the animal for one compartment was measured at pre-conditioning session (900 s). During(More)
Brain ischemia causes irreversible hyperexcitability, which may be attributed to irreversible impairment of inhibitory neurons. However, the conditions required for selective and irreversible impairment of inhibitory interneurons in vitro are unknown. In this study, we found that a combination of low temperature and hypoxia produced hyperexcitability in the(More)
Recently, we demonstrated that chronic administration of immunosuppressant drug, cyclosporine-A (CsA), does not produce impairment in memory retention of a passive avoidance task in normal adult rats. Since CsA has been used as an adjunctive therapy to avoid xenograft rejection inherent in neural transplantation therapy for neurodegenerative disorders, we(More)
To elucidate the mechanisms of neural damage after brain ischemia, rat neocortical slices were exposed to anoxia at room temperature for 1 h, and other slices were prepared from the neocortical blocks exposed to anoxia at room temperature for 1 h. Field potentials elicited by the stimulation of layer IV were recorded in supragranular layers in these slices.(More)
Cyclosporine A (CsA) is the treatment of choice for patients undergoing organ as well as neural transplantation. CsA immunosuppression is associated with neurological and motor alterations in transplant recipients as well as in normal or hemiparkinsonian rats. We investigated possible impairments of memory retention in CsA-treated rats to determine direct(More)
To maintain neural functions in brain block preparations of the rat auditory cortex in vitro, a pressurized oxygenated medium was injected into the blocks. Distribution of indigo carmine contained in the injection medium indicated that a columnar region of 1-2 mm in diameter was homogeneously perfused from the white matter to the pial surface. Stimulation(More)
Methylmercury chloride was administered PO to male Kud: ddY mice at a dose of 5 mg/kg/day for 20 days. The contents of taurine, aspartate, glutamate, glycine, and gamma-aminobutyric acid were determined in tissue and crude synaptosomal (P2) fraction of cerebellum, cerebral cortex, and spinal cord of methylmercury-treated mice with or without ataxia. In the(More)