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It has been implicated that glia activation plays a critical role in the progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the precise mechanism of glia activation is not clearly understood yet. In our present studies, we confirmed our previous results where change the levels of neuropeptides and peptidases in ibotenic acid (IBO) infusion into the rat(More)
The present study investigated the role of muscarinic receptor subtypes in the nucleus reticularis gigantocellularis/nucleus reticularis gigantocellularis alpha of the rat rostral ventrolateral medulla in morphine-induced antinociception. The antinociceptive effects of morphine were evoked by systemic administration or microinjection into the nucleus(More)
Soluble forms of amyloid-beta (Abeta) have been considered responsible for cognitive dysfunction prior to senile plaque formation in Alzheimer's disease (AD). As its mechanism is not well understood, we examined the effects of repeated i.c.v. infusion of soluble Alphabeta(25-35) on peptidergic system and glial cells in the pathogenesis of AD. The present(More)
Axonal transport of peptidylglycine alpha-amidating monooxygenase (PAM) activity was studied in rat sciatic nerves from 12 to 120 h after double ligations. The anterograde axonal transport increased and reached a plateau between 48 and 72 h and then decreased. The flow rate was 100 mm/day, and the molecular mass of the active entity was 70 kDa, which was(More)
We examined the effect of methamphetamine on the release of acetylcholine in the striatum of freely moving rats, using an in vivo microdialysis method. The basal level of acetylcholine was 3.67+/-0.47 pmol/30 microl per 15 min in the presence of neostigmine (10 microM). Tetrodotoxin (1 microM), a selective blocker of voltage-dependent Na+ channels, markedly(More)
Kindling model is useful to study the mechanism of learning and memory. Cholecystokinin (CCK) mRNA and CCK-like immunoreactivity (CCK-LI) levels in the hippocampus and frontal cortex of chemically kindled rats were determined at different time points. In the frontal cortex, chronic treatment with pentylenetetrazol (PTZ) (40 mg/kg per day for 8 days)(More)
Neuropathic pain induced by sciatic nerve injury not only causes peripheral dysfunctions but also affects the cortical and subcortical regions of the brain. It is still unknown whether neuropathic pain could relate to behavioral and neurochemical alterations in the central nervous system. This paper deals with the effect of peripheral neuropathic pain on(More)
Cimicifugoside, a triterpenoid isolated from Cimicifuga simplex, which has been used as a traditional Chinese medicine due to its anti-inflammatory, analgesic or anti-pyretic action, was examined for inhibition of nucleoside transport and synergistic potentiation of methotrexate cytotoxicity. Cimicifugoside inhibited uptake of uridine, thymidine and(More)
The effect of epidermal growth factor (EGF) on collagen degradation in clonal osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells was investigated by measuring the activities of dipeptidyl-aminopeptidase (DAP) and collagenase-like peptidase (CL-peptidase). EGF at concentrations of 2 to 50 ng/ml markedly increased DAP and CL-peptidase activities in the cells. The same(More)
The physiological function of interleukin-6 within the central nervous system (CNS) is complex; interleukin-6 exerts neurotrophic and neuroprotective effects and yet can also function as a mediator of inflammation, demyelination, and astrogliosis depending on the cellular context. However, the roles of interleukin-6 in astrocytes are poorly understood. In(More)