Toshiyuki Chikuma

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It has been implicated that glia activation plays a critical role in the progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the precise mechanism of glia activation is not clearly understood yet. In our present studies, we confirmed our previous results where change the levels of neuropeptides and peptidases in ibotenic acid (IBO) infusion into the rat(More)
We examined the effect of methamphetamine on the release of acetylcholine in the striatum of freely moving rats, using an in vivo microdialysis method. The basal level of acetylcholine was 3.67+/-0.47 pmol/30 microl per 15 min in the presence of neostigmine (10 microM). Tetrodotoxin (1 microM), a selective blocker of voltage-dependent Na+ channels, markedly(More)
Neuropathic pain induced by sciatic nerve injury not only causes peripheral dysfunctions but also affects the cortical and subcortical regions of the brain. It is still unknown whether neuropathic pain could relate to behavioral and neurochemical alterations in the central nervous system. This paper deals with the effect of peripheral neuropathic pain on(More)
The present study investigated the role of muscarinic receptor subtypes in the nucleus reticularis gigantocellularis/nucleus reticularis gigantocellularis alpha of the rat rostral ventrolateral medulla in morphine-induced antinociception. The antinociceptive effects of morphine were evoked by systemic administration or microinjection into the nucleus(More)
Using the highly sensitive HPLC-fluorophotometry technique, anterograde and retrograde axonal transport of carboxypeptidase H (CPH), a putative prohormone processing enzyme that removes a basic amino acid from the C-terminus of a precursor peptide, was measured 12-72 h after double ligations of rat sciatic nerves. CPH-like activity in rat sciatic nerves was(More)
Soluble forms of amyloid-beta (Abeta) have been considered responsible for cognitive dysfunction prior to senile plaque formation in Alzheimer's disease (AD). As its mechanism is not well understood, we examined the effects of repeated i.c.v. infusion of soluble Alphabeta(25-35) on peptidergic system and glial cells in the pathogenesis of AD. The present(More)
MK-801, a noncompetitive N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist, produces neurotoxicity in adult rodent brain, and causes schizophrenia-like psychosis and cognitive dysfunction. Since neuropeptides and neuropeptide-degrading enzymes play important roles in cognitive function, we examined whether or not MK-801-induced schizophrenia-like psychosis is(More)
We previously reported that a high level of interleukin-6 (IL-6), which is protective against CCl(4)-induced hepatotoxicity, is produced in the peritoneal cavity in the early period after ip carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4)) administration. The objective of this study was to identify the tissues and cells involved in IL-6 production and clarify the mechanisms(More)
The processing of pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) to ACTH- (adrenocorticotropin), MSH- (melanotropin) and endorphin-related peptides was studied in mouse embryos with the ultimate aim of determining the role of the POMC-related peptides in early development especially in the CNS. Mouse embryos at gestational days 10.5, 11.5, 12.5 and 14.5 were analyzed for(More)
Axonal transport of peptidylglycine alpha-amidating monooxygenase (PAM) activity was studied in rat sciatic nerves from 12 to 120 h after double ligations. The anterograde axonal transport increased and reached a plateau between 48 and 72 h and then decreased. The flow rate was 100 mm/day, and the molecular mass of the active entity was 70 kDa, which was(More)