Toshiyuki Bohgaki

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TNF-α-converting enzyme (TACE) can cleave transmembrane proteins, such as TNF-α, TNF receptors, and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) ligands, to release the extracellular domains from the cell surface. Recent studies have suggested that overexpression of TACE may be associated with the pathogenesis of inflammation and fibrosis. To determine the roles(More)
Eukaryotic cells have evolved to use complex pathways for DNA damage signaling and repair to maintain genomic integrity. RNF168 is a novel E3 ligase that functions downstream of ATM,γ-H2A.X, MDC1, and RNF8. It has been shown to ubiquitylate histone H2A and to facilitate the recruitment of other DNA damage response proteins, including 53BP1, to sites of DNA(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze the relationship between clinical benefits and immunological changes in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) treated with autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). METHODS Ten patients with SSc were treated with high-dose cyclophosphamide followed by highly purified CD34+ cells (n=5) or unpurified grafts (n=5). Two(More)
The involvement of complement activation in the pathophysiology of antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) was first reported in murine models of antiphospholipid antibody (aPL)-related pregnancy morbidities. We previously reported that complement activation is prevalent and may function as a source of procoagulant cell activation in the sera of APS patients.(More)
The serine threonine kinase checkpoint kinase 2 (CHK2) is a DNA damage checkpoint protein important for the ATM-p53 signaling pathway. In addition to its phosphorylation, CHK2 is also ubiquitylated, and both post-translational modifications are important for its function. However, although the mechanisms that regulate CHK2 phosphorylation are well(More)
Defective signaling or repair of DNA double-strand breaks has been associated with developmental defects and human diseases. The E3 ligase RING finger 168 (RNF168), mutated in the human radiosensitivity, immunodeficiency, dysmorphic features, and learning difficulties syndrome, was shown to ubiquitylate H2A-type histones, and this ubiquitylation was(More)
Methylripariochromene A (MRC) was isolated from the leaves of Orthosiphon aristatus (Lamiaceae) and subjected to the examination of several pharmacological actions related to antihypertensive activity. The following four findings were revealed from the present study: 1) MRC caused a continuous decrease in systolic blood pressure and a decrease in heart rate(More)
OBJECTIVE Ras guanine nucleotide-releasing protein 4 (RasGRP-4) is a calcium-regulated guanine nucleotide exchange factor and diacylglycerol/phorbol ester receptor not normally expressed in fibroblasts. While RasGRP-4-null mice are resistant to arthritis induced by anti-glucose-6-phosphate isomerase autoantibodies, the relevance of these findings to humans(More)
Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is an effective treatment for refractory autoimmune diseases. The safety and long-term outcome have been also acceptable. Infectious diseases under immune suppressive state after autologous HSCT are common transplantation related complications whereas autoimmune diseases are uncommon. Organ specific autoimmune(More)