Toshiyasu Matsui

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To investigate the role of group III metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) in the globus pallidus (GP), whole-cell recordings were performed using rat brain slice preparations. Application of the group III mGluRs specific agonist L(+)-2-amino-4-phosphonobutyric acid (L-AP4) suppressed the amplitude of striatal stimulation-induced IPSCs and internal(More)
Three aged (10-year-old) German Shepherd Dog litter mates, separately reared, were affected with familial and adult onset peripheral neuropathy. They developed clinical signs, unsteady gait of their hind legs with progressive muscular weakness at almost the same time. The main lesions were systemic neurogenic muscular atrophy, segmental demyelination and(More)
We have previously reported a pathological investigation of peripheral neuropathy in a horse with knuckling. This report describes details of the muscle and peripheral nerve lesions in two additional cases of light horse yearlings with knuckling. The skeletal muscles showed neurogenic atrophy characterized by scattered single angular fibers, fiber grouping,(More)
We report the pathological findings of the skeletal muscle and peripheral nerves from a male 14-months-old thoroughbred horse showing idiopathic knuckling. The affected animal, when in staining position, presented knuckling at the fetlock joint of both forelegs, and dragged both fore- and hindlegs when attempting forward movement. The skeletal muscles(More)
The ear is the organ that is most sensitive to blast overpressure, and ear damage is most frequently seen after blast exposure. Blast overpressure to the ear results in sensorineural hearing loss, which is untreatable and is often associated with a decline in the quality of life. In this study, we used a rat model to demonstrate the pathophysiological and(More)
Organic cation transporters (OCTs) are low-affinity, high-capacity carriers that mediate sodium-independent transport for biogenic cations, including catecholamine, serotonin, histamine, and choline/acetylcholine. Among them, OCT2 is expressed in neurons of the central nervous system. Although previous studies show OCT2 expression in several populations of(More)
JM-1232(-) (JM) is a novel isoindoline derivative with sedative and hypnotic activities that are mediated by binding to the benzodiazepine site of the Gamma-aminobutyric acid type A (GABAA) receptor. Although the neuroprotective effects of other GABAA receptor agonists are well known, there is no published report regarding JM. Thus, we examined the effects(More)
Organic cation transporters (OCTs) are expressed mainly in the kidney and liver. OCTs transport intrinsic organic cations, including monoamine, dopamine, serotonine and choline, across the plasma membrane. Here, we demonstrate that OCT2 (SLC22A2) is expressed in cholinergic neurons, motoneurons in the anterior horn of the spinal cord, and is implicated in(More)
Large cholinergic synaptic boutons called "C-terminals" contact motoneurons and regulate their excitability. C-terminals in the spinal somatic motor nuclei originate from cholinergic interneurons in laminae VII and X that express a transcription factor Pitx2. Cranial motor nuclei contain another type of motoneuron: branchiomotor neurons. Although(More)
The function and/or morphological features of the vomeronasal olfactory system remain unclear in aquatic animals, although the system appeared first in urodeles based on phylogenic data. We examined the lectin binding patterns in the olfactory bulb of a semi-aquatic urodele, the Japanese red-bellied newt, Cynops pyrrhogaster, using 22 different lectins.(More)