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Gonadotropin-inhibitory hormone (GnIH), a newly discovered hypothalamic RFamide peptide, inhibits reproductive activity by decreasing gonadotropin synthesis and release in birds. The gene of the mammalian RFamide-related peptides (RFRP) is orthologous to the GnIH gene. This Rfrp gene gives rise to the two biologically active peptides RFRP-1 (NPSF) and(More)
Secretion of glucocorticoids is widely known as a key endocrine response to stresses. Prenatal dexamethasone administration induces intrauterine growth retardation and delayed onset of puberty in female rats independent of the hypothalamic Kiss1-gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) system. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of chronic(More)
Intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) is an important risk factor for the pathogenesis of diseases after birth. Long-lasting alterations in the structure and function of tissues and the neuroendocrine system, which are known as 'programming effects', increase the risks of these diseases. To investigate the pathophysiology of programming effects, several(More)
Oxytocin (OT) affects the central nervous system and is involved in a variety of social and non-social behaviors. Recently, the role played by OT in energy metabolism and its organizational effects on estrogen receptor alpha (ER-α) during the neonatal period have gained attention. In this study, the developmental changes in the hypothalamic mRNA levels of(More)
BACKGROUND Leptin, which is the product of the obese gene, is believed to play important roles in pubertal development and reproductive function in females. In a study using adult male rats, it was found that leptin stimulated secretion of gonadotropin from the pituitary in a dose-related manner. However, there has been no such study in female rats. (More)
Glucocorticoid secretion is a key endocrine response to stress. It has been reported that prenatal stress induces long-lasting alterations in body weight regulation systems, which persist after the stress has ceased. In this study, the long-term effects of prenatal glucocorticoid exposure on body weight changes and the expression of appetite-regulating(More)
A single immune challenge with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in the neonatal period has a long-lasting influence on immune response. Using female Sprague-Dawley rats, we examined whether neonatal LPS challenge influences the life-long neuroendocrine sensitivity of reproductive function and feeding behavior to LPS, and whether stress-related neuropeptides and(More)
Recent studies have suggested that intrauterine undernutrition is closely associated with the pathogenesis of diseases after birth. Perinatal undernutrition is known to disturb the development of reproductive function and delay the onset of puberty in some species. Using a rat model, we determined the effects of prenatal undernutrition on the development of(More)
Orexins are thought to be regulatory factors of the arousal and sleep patterns. They also affect immune, feeding, autonomic and neuroendocrine systems. We have previously shown that intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) injection of orexin decreases pulsatile luteinising hormone (LH) secretion in ovariectomised (OVX) rats. However, the details of this mechanism(More)
Kisspeptin, which is the product of the kiss1 gene and its receptor kiss1r, have emerged as the essential gatekeepers of reproduction. The present study used gonadally intact female rats to evaluate fasting-induced suppression of the KiSS-1 system of anteroventral periventricular nucleus (AVPV) and arcuate nucleus (ARC) under normal physiological(More)