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Gonadotropin-inhibitory hormone (GnIH), a newly discovered hypothalamic RFamide peptide, inhibits reproductive activity by decreasing gonadotropin synthesis and release in birds. The gene of the mammalian RFamide-related peptides (RFRP) is orthologous to the GnIH gene. This Rfrp gene gives rise to the two biologically active peptides RFRP-1 (NPSF) and(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of the present study was to clarify the changes in serum concentrations of 17 cytokines in healthy women during the menopausal transition by using a multiplexed cytokine assay and to clarify the associations of these cytokines with serum estradiol concentration. METHODS Sixteen premenopausal, 54 perimenopausal and 52 postmenopausal(More)
The conventional Δ5 and Δ4 steroidogenic pathways mediate androgen production in females. While multiple non-conventional pathways to dihydrotestosterone (DHT) have recently been postulated in humans, the functional significance of these pathways remains to be elucidated. The aim of this study was to clarify the origin of androgens in healthy women and in(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the present study was to clarify the association of serum adiponectin concentrations with serum 17beta-estradiol concentrations in pre-, peri-, and postmenopausal women. In addition, the associations of serum adiponectin with serum concentrations of proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines were examined in women during the(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the effects of semen characteristics on the success of intrauterine insemination (IUI). DESIGN A retrospective study. SETTINGS The Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tokushima University Hospital, Japan. PATIENTS Between 2004 and 2008, 1,177 IUI cycles in 283 couples were studied. INTERVENTION IUI cycles were preceded with(More)
It has been suggested that obesity and loss of ovarian function alter the inflammatory response to immune stress. Ovariectomized (OVX) rats, which are used as a model of human menopause, exhibit both hyperphagia-induced obesity and gonadal steroid deficiency. To evaluate the effects of ovariectomy on inflammatory responses, we compared the anorectic(More)
It is reported that the incidence of clinical and biochemical hyperandrogenism may be lower in Japanese patients with PCOS. Hyperandrogenism is included as a referential but not as an essential factor in the diagnostic criteria of the Japanese Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology (JSOG 1993). However, some patients with the typical clinical features of PCOS(More)
Several measurement systems are used for LH, FSH, and PRL in Japan, but the comparison of the measured values is difficult in some cases. In this study, we compared the measured values of 3 types of measurement systems widely used in Japan, SPAC-S, ARCHITECT, and Centaur, in females with a normal menstrual cycle and with various ovulatory disorders. Variant(More)
Glucocorticoid secretion is a key endocrine response to stress. It has been reported that prenatal stress induces long-lasting alterations in body weight regulation systems, which persist after the stress has ceased. In this study, the long-term effects of prenatal glucocorticoid exposure on body weight changes and the expression of appetite-regulating(More)
The aim of the present study was to determine the influence of acute estrogen deficiency induced by administration of a gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist on circulating levels of cytokines and chemokines. Eighty-three women with uterine leiomyoma were assigned in open, parallel-group fashion to a no-treatment (control) group and a GnRH-agonist(More)