Toshiya Manabe

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Multiple epsilon subunits are major determinants of the NMDA receptor channel diversity. Based on their functional properties in vitro and distributions, we have proposed that the epsilon 1 and epsilon 2 subunits play a role in synaptic plasticity. To investigate the physiological significance of the NMDA receptor channel diversity, we generated mutant mice(More)
The cholinergic system in the CNS plays important roles in higher brain functions, primarily through muscarinic acetylcholine receptors. At cellular levels, muscarinic activation produces various effects including modulation of synaptic transmission. Here we report that muscarinic activation suppresses hippocampal inhibitory transmission through two(More)
The muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (mAChR) has been considered one of the neurotransmitter receptors regulating hippocampal synaptic plasticity, which likely plays a critical role in learning and memory. In previous studies, however, muscarinic agonists were used at relatively high concentrations, and the subtype selectivity of muscarinic antagonists was(More)
Hippocampal mossy fibers project preferentially to the stratum lucidum, the proximal-most lamina of the suprapyramidal region of CA3. The molecular mechanisms that govern this lamina-restricted projection are still unknown. We examined the projection pattern of mossy fibers in mutant mice for semaphorin receptors plexin-A2 and plexin-A4, and their ligand,(More)
Tonically active cholinergic interneurons in the striatum modulate activities of striatal outputs from medium spiny (MS) neurons and significantly influence overall functions of the basal ganglia. Cellular mechanisms of this modulation are not fully understood. Here we show that ambient acetylcholine (ACh) derived from tonically active cholinergic(More)
The cholinergic system is crucial for higher brain functions including learning and memory. These functions are mediated primarily by muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (mAChRs) that consist of five subtypes (M(1)-M(5)). A recent study suggested a novel role of acetylcholine as a potent enhancer of endocannabinoid signalling that acts retrogradely from(More)
Phosphorylation of neural proteins in response to a diverse array of external stimuli is one of the main mechanisms underlying dynamic changes in neural circuitry. The NR2B subunit of the NMDA receptor is tyrosine-phosphorylated in the brain, with Tyr-1472 its major phosphorylation site. Here, we generate mice with a knockin mutation of the Tyr-1472 site to(More)
SUMMARY The N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors play critical roles in synaptic plasticity, neuronal development, and excitotoxicity. Tyrosine phosphorylation of NMDA receptors by Src-family tyrosine kinases such as Fyn is implicated in synaptic plasticity. To precisely address the roles of NMDA receptor tyrosine phosphorylation, we identified(More)
Neurotransmitter release from presynaptic nerve terminals is regulated by soluble NSF attachment protein receptor (SNARE) complex-mediated synaptic vesicle fusion. Tomosyn inhibits SNARE complex formation and neurotransmitter release by sequestering syntaxin-1 through its C-terminal vesicle-associated membrane protein (VAMP)-like domain (VLD). However, in(More)
Transmitter release at the hippocampal mossy fiber (MF)-CA3 synapse exhibits robust use-dependent short-term plasticity with an extremely wide dynamic range. Recent studies revealed that presynaptic kainate receptors (KARs), which specifically localized on the MF axons, mediate unusually large facilitation at this particular synapse in concert with the(More)