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Molecular genetics has been successful in identifying leaf- size regulators such as transcription factors, phytohormones, and signal molecules. Among them, a ROTUNDIFOLIA4-LIKE/DEVIL (RTFL/DVL) family of Arabidopsis, genes encoding peptides with no secretion-signal sequence, is unique in that their overexpressors have a reduced number of leaf cells(More)
In multi-robot system, communication is indispensable for effective cooperative working. In this system, direct communication by physical methods such as light, sound, radio wave is quite general. But in biological system, especially in the insect world, not only the physical but also the chemical communication methods can be observed. As the chemical(More)
Amoeboid locomotion is one of the typical modes of biological cell migration. Cytoplasmic sol-gel conversion of an actomyosin system is thought to play an important role in locomotion. However, the mechanisms underlying sol-gel conversion, including trigger, signal, and regulating factors, remain unclear. We developed a novel model system in which an(More)
The underwater soft-robot inspired by polyclad flatworms has been developed. The oval, flat, soft body of the flatworm was represented by a rubber sheet. The sheet was controlled by controls with three degrees of freedom to allow flapping of both the lateral sides and the body axis. Swimming patterns, such as swimming forward, hovering, and swimming(More)
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