Toshiya Atsumi

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Understanding cellular response to environmental stress has broad implications for human disease. AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) orchestrates the regulation of energy-generating and -consuming pathways, and protects the heart against ischaemic injury and apoptosis. A role for circulating hormones such as adiponectin and leptin in the activation of AMPK(More)
Inflammation provokes significant abnormalities in host metabolism that result from the systemic release of cytokines. An early response of the host is hyperglycemia and resistance to the action of insulin, which progresses over time to increased glucose uptake in peripheral tissue. Although the cytokine TNF-alpha has been shown to exert certain catabolic(More)
6-Phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase (PFK-2/FBPase) catalyzes the synthesis and degradation of fructose 2,6-bisphosphate (F2,6BP), which is a powerful activator of 6-phosphofructo-1-kinase, the rate-limiting enzyme of glycolysis. Four genes encode PFK-2/FBPase (PFKFB1-4), and an inducible isoform (iPFK-2/PFKFB3) has been found to mediate(More)
Tumor cells maintain an especially high glycolytic rate to supply the anabolic precursors essential for de novo nucleotide synthesis. We recently cloned an inducible isozyme of 6-phosphofructo-2 kinase (iPFK-2) that bears an oncogene-like regulatory element in its mRNA and functions to produce fructose-2,6-bisphosphate, which is a powerful allosteric(More)
A 22-year-old Japanese woman presented with general fatigue. Five days later, she demonstrated a body temperature of 39 degrees C and a loss in weight of 5kg. She thereafter became unconscious and was taken to Tomakomai City General Hospital. Urinary ketone body was positive, and plasma glucose was 1063mg/dl. The serum asparate aminotransferase and alanine(More)
PURPOSE Fructose 2,6-bisphosphate (F2,6BP) is a potent activator of phosphofructokinase, which is a rate-limiting enzyme of glycolysis. The concentration of F2,6BP depends on the activity of the bifunctional enzyme, 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase (PFK-2/FBPase). Four genes encoding PFK-2/FBPase have been identified and termed PFKFB1 to(More)
AIM Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is known as a pro-inflammatory cytokine that regulates a broad spectrum of inflammatory reactions. MIF is expressed in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), and inhibition of the progression of atherosclerosis was observed in MIF-deficient atherosclerotic mice. However, the functional role of MIF in VSMCs has(More)
Wolfram syndrome is a rare, autosomal recessive disorder characterized by early-onset diabetes mellitus, optic atrophy and neurological and endocrinological abnormalities. A 47-year-old Japanese man with frequent severe hypoglycemic episodes was diagnosed as Wolfram syndrome based on clinical features and laboratory data. He had positive glutamic acid(More)
A 34-year-old Japanese man diagnosed as having cat-eye syndrome (CES) with isolated idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (IHH) was treated at our university. He showed preauricular pits/tags, downward slanting palpebral fissures, ocular hypertelorism, and strabismus. However, ocular coloboma and anal atresia, major characteristic features of CES, were(More)
Fructose 2,6-bisphosphate (F2,6BP) is a powerful allosteric activator of 6-phosphofructo-1-kinase, which is the rate-limiting enzyme for glycolysis. Mitogenic stimulation of lymphocytes is related to an enhanced rate of glucose utilization and F2,6BP mediated activation of glycolysis. To determine the effect of hyperglycemia on intracellular glycolysis of(More)