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The association of bone with the metabolic syndrome and its features, visceral fat accumulation or insulin resistance, remains unclear. We determined visceral and subcutaneous fat areas (V and S) by computed tomography on 187 men (28-83 years) and 125 postmenopausal women (46-82 years) with type 2 diabetes. Men whose V was 100 cm(2) or more had(More)
Many clinical studies have shown that osteoporosis is associated with atherosclerosis and cardiovascular death. Although both high plasma levels of low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and low plasma levels of high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) are known to be risk factors for atherosclerosis, it is unclear whether such lipid derangements(More)
CONTEXT Weekly teriparatide injection at a dose of 56.5 μg has been shown to increase bone mineral density. OBJECTIVE A phase 3 study was conducted to determine the efficacy of once-weekly teriparatide injection for reducing the incidence of vertebral fractures in patients with osteoporosis. DESIGN AND SETTING In this randomized, multicenter,(More)
BACKGROUND Although, adiponectin might be associated with bone metabolism, the relationships between serum adiponectin and bone mineral density (BMD) as well as vertebral fracture in type 2 diabetes are still unclear. OBJECTIVE AND METHODS We investigated the relationships between each of serum total and high molecular weight (HMW) adiponectin versus BMD,(More)
We examined whether or not BMD or bone markers were useful for assessing the risk of vertebral fractures in 248 Japanese men with type 2 diabetes. We analyzed the relationships between bone markers (osteocalcin [OC], bone-specific alkaline phosphatase [BAP], urinary N-terminal cross-linked telopeptide of type-I collagen) or BMD and HbA(1c), urinary(More)
OBJECTIVE Although several experiments show that adiponectin is associated with bone metabolism, a relationship between adiponectin and bone markers is still unclear. We monitored chronological changes in hyperglycemia, serum adiponectin, and bone markers during glycemic control in type 2 diabetes and analyzed relationships among these parameters. (More)
In 1995, the Japanese Society for Bone and Mineral Metabolism (now the Japanese Society for Bone and Mineral Research) established the Osteoporosis Diagnostic Criteria Review Committee. Following discussion held at the 13th scientific meeting of the Society in 1996, the Committee, with the consensus of its members, proposed diagnostic criteria for primary(More)
INTRODUCTION In 1998, the first Japanese practice guidelines on osteoporosis was published. It has been updated several times, with the most recent being the full-scale 2011 edition and its abridged edition. The present guidelines provide information for the managements of primary osteoporosis in postmenopausal women and men over 50 years old, a summary of(More)
CONTEXT ED-71 has been shown to increase lumbar bone mineral density (BMD) in osteoporotic subjects. However, vitamin D insufficiency might have influenced the effect of ED-71 on BMD. OBJECTIVE Our objective was to examine whether ED-71 can increase BMD in osteoporotic patients under vitamin D supplementation. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS We conducted(More)
BACKGROUND Adiponectin is a key mediator of the metabolic syndrome that is caused by visceral fat accumulation. Adiponectin and its receptors are known to be expressed in osteoblasts, but their actions with regard to bone metabolism are still unclear. In this study, we investigated the effects of adiponectin on the proliferation, differentiation, and(More)