Toshiteru Kikuta

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The monomeric small GTPase Rab27a is specifically localized on both secretory granules and lysosome-related organelles. Although natural mutations of the Rab27a gene in human Griscelli syndrome and in ashen mice cause partial albinism and immunodeficiency reflecting the dysfunction of lysosome-related organelles, phenotypes resulting from the defective(More)
We imaged and analysed the motion of single insulin secretory granules near the plasma membrane in live pancreatic beta-cells, from normal and diabetic Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rats, using total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy (TIRFM). In normal rat primary beta-cells, the granules that were fusing during the first phase originate from previously(More)
The interaction of syntaxin-1 and SNAP-25 with insulin exocytosis was examined using the diabetic Goto–Kakizaki (GK) rat and a total internal reflection fluorescence (TIRF) imaging system. Primary rat pancreatic beta cells were immunostained with anti-syntaxin-1A, anti-SNAP-25 and anti-insulin antibodies, and then observed by TIRF microscopy. The real-time(More)
We previously reported that mice lacking bombesin receptor subtype-3 (BRS-3) exhibit mild late-onset obesity and glucose intolerance [Nature 390 (1997) 160]. To examine the mechanism by which glucose intolerance is developed in these mice, we studied insulin release and proinsulin biosynthesis in isolated pancreatic islets and glucose uptake and(More)
The cytomatrix at the active zone (CAZ) has been implicated in defining the site of Ca2+-dependent exocytosis of neurotransmitters. Here, we demonstrate the expression and function of ELKS, a protein structurally related to the CAZ protein CAST, in insulin exocytosis. The results of confocal and immunoelectron microscopic analysis showed that ELKS is(More)
To determine the site of insulin exocytosis in the pancreatic beta cell plasma membrane, we analyzed the interaction between the docking/fusion of green fluorescent protein-tagged insulin granules and syntaxin 1 labeled by TAT-conjugated Cy3-labeled antibody (Ab) using total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy (TIRFM). Monoclonal Ab against syntaxin(More)
In neuronal/glial cocultures, pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide 38 (PACAP38) prevented neuronal death induced by gp120, lipopolysaccharide (LPS), or other toxic agents, but the dose response of the neuroprotective effect is bimodal, with a peak at a subpicomolar concentration and another peak at a subnanomolar to nanomolar concentration.(More)
The prediabetic period in type I diabetes mellitus is characterized by the loss of first phase insulin release. This might be due to islet infiltration mediated by mononuclear cells and local release of cytokines, but the mechanisms involved are unknown. To determine the role of cytokines in insulin exocytosis, we have presently utilized total internal(More)
It has been a long belief that release of substances from the cell to the extracellular milieu by exocytosis is completed by diffusion of the substances from secretory vesicles through the fusion pore. Involvement of any mechanical force that may be superposed on the diffusion to enhance the releasing process has not been elucidated to date. We tackled this(More)
To elucidate the mechanism for supplying secretory granules to the cell membrane, chromaffin cells isolated from the bovine adrenal medulla were observed by the evanescent wave microscopy after staining their granules with acridine orange. The secretory granules showed only a very small fluctuation, indicating their docking to the plasma membrane. The rate(More)