Toshisuke Sakaki

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The authors describe a case of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) associated with previous gamma knife radiosurgery for a cerebral arteriovenous malformation (AVM). A 14-year-old boy had undergone radiosurgery for an AVM, which was performed using a 201-source 60Co gamma knife system at another institution. The maximum and margin radiation doses used in the(More)
Prognostic factors for low-grade astrocytomas have been proposed, but optimal treatment remains controversial. Eighty-eight consecutive adult patients with supratentorial low-grade astrocytomas were retrospectively reviewed to determine specific factors influencing outcome. All underwent craniotomy (43 radical resections, 45 nonradical resections). Sex, age(More)
Astrocytomas are the most common pediatric brain tumors, accounting for 7%-8% of all childhood cancers. Relatively few studies have been performed on their molecular properties; therefore, classification of pediatric astrocytic tumors into genetic subtypes similar to that of adult tumors remains to be defined. Here, we report an extensive characterization(More)
A retrospective analysis of 111 patients with aneurysms associated with Moyamoya disease is presented. The subjects comprised of our 12 cases and 99 other well-documented cases. These 111 cases had 131 aneurysms. There were 48 males and 63 females. The average age was 40.3 years. The clinical manifestations were intracranial haemorrhage in 99 cases (89%),(More)
We systematically characterized the levels and substrate specificity of P450s from humans and rats to extrapolate drug metabolism data from experimental animals to humans. Human P450s (CYP1A2, 2A6, 2B6, 2C8, 2C9, 2C18, 2D6, 2E1, and 3A4) were expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and purified. Rat P450s were purified from hepatic microsomes of rats. We(More)
Rat liver cytochrome P-450MC cDNA was inserted between the ADH1 promoter and terminator regions of the yeast expression vector pAAH5. On introduction of the resulting recombinant plasmid pAMC1, Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells synthesized up to 8 X 10(5) molecules per cell of the cytochrome P-450MC protein, most of which was localized in yeast microsomes.(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Visual field defects sometimes occur after temporal resection surgery. Our purpose was to evaluate the correlation between visual field defects caused by temporal lobe resection and the degree of resection of the Meyer loop, as assessed by diffusion tensor tractography. MATERIALS AND METHODS We examined 14 patients who underwent(More)
Frequent allelic losses on the long arm of chromosome 22 (22q) in gliomas indicate the presence of tumor suppressor gene (TSG) at this location. However, the target gene(s) residing in this chromosome are still unknown and their putative roles in the development of astrocytic tumors, especially in secondary glioblastoma, have not yet been defined. To(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Specific change of persistent hyperintensity/hypointensity on T1-weighted (T1W) and T2-weighted (T2W) MRI, respectively, has been reported to develop in the human basal ganglia after brief hemispheric ischemia. We investigated whether this ischemic change observed in humans could be reproduced experimentally in rats after brief middle(More)