Toshishiko Kaneko

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Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) relaxes vascular and intestinal smooth muscle. This study localized CGRP in the guinea pig gallbladder, examined the effects of CGRP on KCl- and ACh-induced contraction, and determined CGRPs site of action in the gallbladder. The gallbladder of male Hartley guinea pigs was used in in vitro tension studies,(More)
The co-localization of glutaminase and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) was examined with immunohistochemistry in the rat dorsal root ganglion (DRG). The majority of the DRG neurons were immunoreactive for glutaminase and all DRG neurons that contained CGRP also contained glutaminase. These results indicate that some DRG neurons release glutamate and(More)
Antibodies against the mitochondrial enzyme glutaminase (EC 3.5.1.2), have been used in previous immunocytochemical studies to help identify glutamate-releasing neurons among all glutamate-containing neurons. The studies were based on the idea that glutaminase is enriched within the releasable "transmitter" pools of glutamate. However, evidence is also(More)
1. The possible role of GABA(B) receptor mechanisms in information processing in primary somatosensory (S1) cortex was assessed by use of extracellular recording combined with microiontophoretic methods from 161 neurones in anaesthetized, paralysed cats. 2. Baclofen-induced suppressions of cell responses were reversible and stereoselective, the (+)-isomer(More)
Extracellular recordings were made from 160 neurons in area 17 (n = 120) and area 18 (n = 40) of the visual cortex of anesthetized cats. Cells were classified according to their receptive field properties and their intracortical positions were evaluated histologically. Cholecystokinin 26-33, antagonists, (cholecystokinin 27-32, cholecystokinin 27-33 and(More)
Phosphate activated glutaminase (PAG), an enzyme of glutamate synthesis, was localized by immunohistochemistry in all PNMT-immunoreactive and all serotonin-immunoreactive neurons in the rostral ventral medulla of the rat. Between 71 and 83% of bulbospinal neurons localised in the rostral ventral medulla projecting to the intermediolateral cell column in the(More)
The ultrastructure and synaptic associations of terminals immunoreactive for L-glutamate (Glu) were examined in the lateral nucleus of the amygdala (AL). All results reported here involved tissue fixed only with paraformaldehyde. The specificity of the antiserum with paraformaldehyde fixation conditions was assessed and confirmed by immuno-dot blot(More)
Vasopressin increased adenyl cyclase activity in homogenates of both inner and outer renal medulla of the rat. It also increased the concentration of cyclic 3',5'-adenosine monophosphate (AMP) in slices of both inner and outer medulla but not in renal cortex. In the inner medulla, a concentration of prostaglandin E(1) (PGE(1)), which was ineffective by(More)
Immunoreactive parathyroid hormone (irPTH), PTH-related peptide (PTHrp), and stanniocalcin-like peptides were detected in Coho salmon pituitary glands. The PTH, PTHrp, and stanniocalcin immunoreactivity of the salmon pituitary was separated by high-performance liquid chromatography purification into distinct peptide fractions that coeluted with pure(More)
Hypothalamic extract, containing the releasing factors for anterior pituitary hormones, within minutes stimulated adenyl cyclase activity and adenosine 3':5'-cyclic phosphate (cyAMP) concentrations in rat anterior pituitary in vitro. Cerebral cortical extract was ineffective and hypothalamic extract had no effect on these parameters in posterior pituitary(More)