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BACKGROUND Exposure to ultraviolet light is a major causative factor in melanoma, although the relationship between risk and exposure is complex. We hypothesized that the clinical heterogeneity is explained by genetically distinct types of melanoma with different susceptibility to ultraviolet light. METHODS We compared genome-wide alterations in the(More)
Galectin-9 expression was examined in 6 human melanoma cell lines. Among them, MM-BP proliferated with colony formation, but MM-RU failed. RT-PCR analysis revealed evident expression of galectin-9 mRNA in MM-BP but not in MM-RU. MM-BP expressed galectin-9 protein both on the surface and in the cytoplasm, whereas MM-RU expressed it only weakly in the(More)
The human high molecular weight-melanoma-associated antigen (HMW-MAA) meets the criteria to be used as an immunogen for immunotherapy of malignant melanoma, because it is expressed by a large percentage of melanoma lesions with limited heterogeneity and has a restricted distribution in normal tissues. The high immunogenicity of the HMW-MAA in BALB/c mice(More)
Primary melanoma can recur at the excision site if not excised with a safety margin of surrounding uninvolved skin. To characterize the nature of residual melanoma in the skin surrounding primary tumors targeted by safety margins, we used array comparative genomic hybridization and fluorescent in situ hybridization to detect and spatially map aberrations in(More)
The RAS/mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway sends external growth-promoting signals to the nucleus. BRAF, a critical serine/threonine kinase in this pathway, is frequently activated by somatic mutation in melanoma. Using a cohort of 115 patients with primary invasive melanomas, we show that BRAF mutations are statistically significantly more common in(More)
In recent years, the mechanisms underlying defects in the expression/function of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I antigens have been analyzed in an increasing number of melanoma cells, since these abnormalities are likely to have a negative impact on T-cell-based immunotherapy of melanoma. This article reviews the information about the molecular(More)
We first cloned galectin-9 (Gal-9)/ecalectin as a T cell-derived eosinophil chemoattractant. Gal-9 plays a role in not only accumulation but also activation of eosinophils in experimental allergic models and human allergic patients, because Gal-9 induces eosinophil chemoattraction in vitro and in vivo and activates eosinophils in many aspects. Gal-9(More)
5-S-Cysteinyldopa (5-S-CD) has been used as a biochemical marker of melanoma progression. In this study, we measured serum levels of 5-S-CD in 2648 samples taken from 218 patients in order to evaluate the usefulness of this parameter in following melanoma progression and prognosis. 5-S-CD levels were significantly elevated above the upper limit of the(More)
PURPOSE We reported recently the novel tumor marker glypican-3 (GPC3) for hepatocellular carcinoma. In the present study, we investigated the expression of GPC3 in human melanoma cell lines and tissues and asked whether GPC3 could be a novel tumor marker for melanoma. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Expression of GPC3 mRNA and protein was investigated in human(More)
Spontaneous regression of a congenital melanocytic nevus is rare and has always been thought to be associated with a halo phenomenon, suggesting that an immunological mechanism is involved in the regression process. We describe herein 2 cases of complete congenital melanocytic nevus regression without the halo phenomenon in 2 Japanese girls. To our(More)