Toshiro Inubushi

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Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) is a non-invasive tool for in vivo chemical analysis that has been applied to neurobiological or psychopharmacological studies of affective disorders. Studies employing 31P-MRS and 1H-MRS have indicated possible abnormalities in membrane phospholipid metabolism, high-energy phosphate metabolism, and intracellular pH in(More)
The incidence of cavum septum pellucidum (CSP), which has been widely regarded as a developmental anomaly of little clinical importance in neuropathology, was examined in 113 patients with affective disorders (69 with bipolar disorder and 44 with major depression), 40 schizophrenic patients, and 92 control subjects by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).(More)
We investigated the absolute concentration of N-acetylaspartate (NAA) in the thalami of neuropathic pain patients and healthy comparison subjects by single-voxel proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS). (1)H-MRS was performed with a 1.5-T MR system on a voxel in the thalamus bilaterally in 9 neuropathic pain patients and 14 healthy control(More)
BACKGROUND 31P metabolite measurements in the human heart by magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) have been reported previously. By use of a method in which metabolite content was quantified with reference to a standard located outside the chest, it has become possible to measure the content of phosphocreatine (PCr) and ATP in vivo in the human heart. In(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the early changes in diffusion-weighted MR images in the sustained limbic seizures. METHOD Intraperitoneal injection of kainic acid was used to induce sustained limbic seizures in seven rats. The animals were investigated with serial 2.0-T MR imaging beginning immediately after kainic acid-induced seizures, and at 24 hours, 3 days,(More)
The authors have previously reported that intracellular pH measured by phosphorus-31 magnetic resonance spectroscopy (31P-MRS) was decreased in the frontal lobes of patients with bipolar disorder. In the present study, phosphorus metabolism in the basal ganglia was examined in 13 patients with bipolar disorder and 10 matched controls by localized 31P-MRS.(More)
The authors have previously reported decreased intracellular pH (pHi) in the frontal lobes in euthymic bipolar patients treated with lithium using 31P-MRS. White matter hyperintensity (WMHI) is frequently seen in bipolar disorder. To examine a possible effect of lithium on pHi and the relationship between pHi and WMHI, seven drug-free euthymic bipolar(More)
Measurement of cerebrovascular reserve capacity predicts the risk of ischemic insult in patients with major vessel occlusion. Blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) imaging has the potential to estimate reserve capacity of the cerebral circulation noninvasively based on changes in the signal that reflect differences in the magnetic susceptibility of(More)
OBJECTIVES This study noninvasively examined total creatine (CR) of the myocardium in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) or hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS). BACKGROUND Abnormalities in CR metabolism in failing hearts have been reported. A biochemical study suggested that myocardial metabolic changes are(More)
OBJECTIVES This study examined the changes in myocardial energy metabolism during myocardial ischemia after "remote preconditioning" and investigated the involvement of adenosine receptors in the mechanisms of this effect. BACKGROUND Recent studies have indicated that a brief period of ischemia and reperfusion (ischemic preconditioning, PC) in a remote(More)