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BACKGROUND Using 31P and 1H magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) we previously reported that phosphocreatine was decreased in the left frontal lobe and choline-containing compounds were increased in the basal ganglia in the depressive state in patients with bipolar disorder. We applied quantitative 1H-MRS for further characterization of biochemical(More)
Frontal lobe dysfunction has been linked to negative symptoms of schizophrenia. We used phosphorus-31 magnetic resonance spectroscopy (31P-MRS) to examine phosphorous metabolism in frontal brain regions in 26 schizophrenic patients compared with 26 sex- and age-matched control subjects. The relative signal intensities of phosphorous metabolites in frontal(More)
To search for a possible relationship between brain energy metabolism and mental fatiguability, 10 normal volunteers were examined by 31P-MRS (phosphorus-31 magnetic resonance spectroscopy) in the occipital cortex during photic stimulation (PS), and Uchida-Kraepelin test (UKT), a standardized serial calculation task, was used for measurement of(More)
Correlation of focal ischemia-induced brain damage evidenced by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and by staining with microtubule-associated protein 2 (MAP2) was studied in rats. Ischemia was produced by transient occlusion of the middle cerebral artery (MCAO). The damage was assessed at 6 to 8 hours after MCAO and 1 week later. The area of damage assessed(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the early changes in diffusion-weighted MR images in the sustained limbic seizures. METHOD Intraperitoneal injection of kainic acid was used to induce sustained limbic seizures in seven rats. The animals were investigated with serial 2.0-T MR imaging beginning immediately after kainic acid-induced seizures, and at 24 hours, 3 days,(More)
High energy phosphate metabolites were measured using phase-encoded in vivo phosphorus-31 magnetic resonance spectroscopy (31P-MRS) in both the left and right frontal lobes of 25 patients with bipolar disorder. Eleven patients were examined in the depressive state, 12 in the manic state, and 21 in the euthymic state. Twenty-one age-matched normal volunteers(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) and subcortical ischemic vascular dementia (SIVD) have overlapping pathologies and risk factors, but their underlying neurodegenerative mechanisms are basically different. We performed magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) to study metabolite differences between the two diseases in vivo. The subjects were 31 patients with SIVD and(More)
The authors have previously reported that intracellular pH measured by phosphorus-31 magnetic resonance spectroscopy (31P-MRS) was decreased in the frontal lobes of patients with bipolar disorder. In the present study, phosphorus metabolism in the basal ganglia was examined in 13 patients with bipolar disorder and 10 matched controls by localized 31P-MRS.(More)
1. The relationship between lithium (Li) side effects and brain Li concentration was examined in 17 patients with bipolar disorder treated with Li and other psychotropic drugs. 2. Brain Li concentration was measured by Li-7 magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS). Side effects were assessed using the UCLA General Side Effect Rating Scale For Lithium Treatment(More)
Immunization with amyloid-beta (Abeta) peptides, a therapeutic approach in Alzheimer's disease (AD), reduces brain Abeta, and microglial Abeta phagocytosis has been proposed as an Abeta-lowering mechanism. We transplanted rat microglia into the rat lateral ventricle just after intra-hippocampal Abeta injection, and then investigated the contribution of(More)