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Hyper-immunoglobulin E syndrome (HIES) is a compound primary immunodeficiency characterized by a highly elevated serum IgE, recurrent staphylococcal skin abscesses and cyst-forming pneumonia, with disproportionately milder inflammatory responses, referred to as cold abscesses, and skeletal abnormalities. Although some cases of familial HIES with autosomal(More)
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have severe difficulties in social interaction and communication, as well as restricted and/or stereotyped patterns of behavior. Previous studies have suggested that abnormal neural connectivity might be associated with higher information processing dysfunction involving social impairment. However, the white(More)
This community-based prospective study examined the effects of viral infections and lifestyle habits on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) risk in Japan. A baseline survey was conducted for 981 males and 2,078 females in June 1992 and evaluated hepatitis B surface antigen, second-generation hepatitis C virus antibody, and history of cigarette smoking and(More)
Febrile seizures (FSs) are the commonest form of convulsions. A genetic predisposition to FSs is known, based on family studies, twin studies, and complex segregation analysis. Simple FSs may be more homogenous in their clinical manifestations, and show better agreement with the multifactorial inheritance theory than the complex type. Interleukin-1 (IL-1)(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate which variables predict interictal psychosis in epilepsy. METHODS The authors reviewed the biological backgrounds, clinical characteristics, and EEG findings in 246 patients with epilepsy and interictal psychosis and in 658 control patients with epilepsy and no psychotic history. With a logistic regression approach, the significance(More)
c-fos expression in response to noxious mechanical stimulation of the peripheral receptive field was used to study the somatotopic representation of the oral mucous membrane and trigeminal cutaneous receptive fields in the trigeminal subnucleus caudalis and the cervical spinal dorsal horn. Fos-neurons (neurons with c-fos protein-like immunoreactivity)(More)
Live measles virus-specific T helper 1/T helper 2-cytokine productions by peripheral blood mononuclear cells in response to live measles, mumps or varicella virus were measured in 15 patients with subacute sclerosing panencephalitis and 15 controls by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. Most patients with subacute sclerosing panencephalitis had a defect in(More)
Penicillins and cephalosporins are among the most widely used therapeutic agents. These antibiotics are produced from fermentation-derived materials as their chemical synthesis is not commercially viable. Unconventional steps in their biosynthesis are catalysed by Fe(II)-dependent oxidases/oxygenases; isopenicillin N synthase (IPNS) creates in one step the(More)
Protons with energies up to approximately 10(15) eV are the main component of cosmic rays, but evidence for the specific locations where they could have been accelerated to these energies has been lacking. Electrons are known to be accelerated to cosmic-ray energies in supernova remnants, and the shock waves associated with such remnants, when they hit the(More)
Hyper-IgE syndrome (HIES) is a primary immunodeficiency characterized by recurrent staphylococcal infections and atopic dermatitis associated with elevated serum IgE levels. Although defective differentiation of IL-17-producing CD4(+) T cells (Th17) partly accounts for the susceptibility to staphylococcal skin abscesses and pneumonia, the pathogenesis of(More)