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This double-blind study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of gabapentin 1200 mg/day and 1800 mg/day (t.i.d.) compared to placebo as an adjunctive therapy in patients with refractory epilepsy. Patients were included when they had partial seizures at least eight times during a 12-week baseline period despite treatment with one to two(More)
The objective of this study was to develop a method of measuring arousal level by examining the change rates with activation of the alpha band amplitude using the concept of the inverted U-shaped pattern of transition of this amplitude. We investigated change rates by inspecting the electroencephalogram, and we evaluated their correlations with a criterion(More)
OBJECTIVES This study is aimed at investigating the effects of TJ-960 on cognitive function in epileptic patients. Sternberg's paradigm was used to examine the change in cognitive function, especially short-term memory, resulting from administration of TJ-960, along with the effects of the drug on seizures. SUBJECTS The subjects of this investigation were(More)
We tested whether the human Clock (hClock) gene, one of the essential components of the circadian oscillator, is implicated in the vulnerability to delayed sleep phase syndrome (DSPS) and non-24-hour sleep-wake syndrome (N-24). Screening in the entire coding region of the hClock gene with PCR amplification revealed three polymorphisms, of which two(More)
Recent studies have shown that functional variations in clock genes, which generate circadian rhythms through interactive positive/negative feedback loops, contribute to the development of circadian rhythm sleep disorders in humans. Another potential candidate for rhythm disorder susceptibility is casein kinase I epsilon (CKIepsilon), which phosphorylates(More)
Nefiracetam is a novel pyrrolidone-type nootropic agent, and it has been reported to possess a potential for antiepileptic therapy as well as cognition-enhancing effects. We investigated the anticonvulsant and neuroprotective effects of nefiracetam in kainic acid-induced seizures of rats, compared with levetiracetam and standard antiepileptic drugs.(More)
Recent studies suggest that melatonin 1b (Mel1b) receptor, as well as melatonin 1a (Mel1a) receptor, is involved in the modulation of circadian rhythms in mammals. Mutational analysis was performed in the entire coding region of the human Mel1b receptor gene using genomic DNA from sleep disorder subjects. We have identified two missense mutations, G24E and(More)
A significant increase of urinary Ca and hydroxyproline levels and a decrease of urinary alkaline phosphatase activity were found in 12 schizophrenic patients receiving certain neuroleptic drugs. In these patients, the levels of active metabolites of vitamin D3 were decreased, while the levels of midmolecule parathyroid hormone were within the normal range,(More)
Trazodone is an effective antidepressant drug with a broad therapeutic spectrum, including anxiolytic efficacy. Although trazodone is usually referred to as a serotonin (5-HT) reuptake inhibitor, this pharmacological effect appears to be too weak to fully account for its clinical effectiveness. The present study aimed to elucidate the agonist properties of(More)