Learn More
To clarify hippocampal regional differences in synaptic plasticity, paired-pulse facilitation (PPF, a form of short-term plasticity), long-term potentiation (LTP, a form of long-term plasticity), and their interactions were studied in the dorsal and ventral hippocampal CA1 regions of anesthetized rats. Baseline PPF and post-LTP PPF experiments were(More)
The objective of this study was to develop a method of measuring arousal level by examining the change rates with activation of the alpha band amplitude using the concept of the inverted U-shaped pattern of transition of this amplitude. We investigated change rates by inspecting the electroencephalogram, and we evaluated their correlations with a criterion(More)
To determine the involvement of the hippocampal regions in a operant-type delayed alternation task of short delay or long delay, microinjections of muscimol into the hippocampus were used for temporal inactivation during the behavioral test in each rat. Dorsal hippocampal inactivation impaired the correct ratio of long delay. Ventral hippocampal(More)
OBJECTIVES This study is aimed at investigating the effects of TJ-960 on cognitive function in epileptic patients. Sternberg's paradigm was used to examine the change in cognitive function, especially short-term memory, resulting from administration of TJ-960, along with the effects of the drug on seizures. SUBJECTS The subjects of this investigation were(More)
We tested whether the human Clock (hClock) gene, one of the essential components of the circadian oscillator, is implicated in the vulnerability to delayed sleep phase syndrome (DSPS) and non-24-hour sleep-wake syndrome (N-24). Screening in the entire coding region of the hClock gene with PCR amplification revealed three polymorphisms, of which two(More)
Nefiracetam is a novel pyrrolidone-type nootropic agent, and it has been reported to possess a potential for antiepileptic therapy as well as cognition-enhancing effects. We investigated the anticonvulsant and neuroprotective effects of nefiracetam in kainic acid-induced seizures of rats, compared with levetiracetam and standard antiepileptic drugs.(More)
Trazodone is an effective antidepressant drug with a broad therapeutic spectrum, including anxiolytic efficacy. Although trazodone is usually referred to as a serotonin (5-HT) reuptake inhibitor, this pharmacological effect appears to be too weak to fully account for its clinical effectiveness. The present study aimed to elucidate the agonist properties of(More)
The prefrontal cortex (PFC) has anatomical and functional relationships with the striatum. In a previous study we showed that dopamine (DA) turnover in the PFC of rats is enhanced during the performance of a discrimination task. In the present study, we used an in vivo microdialysis method to examine whether DAergic activity in the striatum could also be(More)
We studied the extracellular effects of cesium chloride (CsCl), a blocker of the hyperpolarization-activated cationic current (I(h)), on the hippocampal theta wave in pentobarbital-anesthetized rabbits. We recorded spontaneous field potentials at the hippocampal CA1 region before and at three time periods after CsCl or saline injections. We found that CsCl(More)