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A 34-year-old man presented with a 4-month history of visual obscuration. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a solid, discrete, contrast-enhancing pituitary mass with suprasellar extension. Surgery, which was performed via a transsphenoidal approach, disclosed the pituitary tumor to be a fibrillary astrocytoma (pituicytoma). This case report contains the(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is considered to be a major regulator of angiogenesis in various brain tumors. In this study, we determined the expression levels of VEGF, and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR)-1 and -2 mRNA in 46 intracranial schwannomas by quantitative real-time PCR, and correlated these with various clinical(More)
We describe an 11 year old girl with progressive paraparesis from a spinal tumour. Magnetic resonance imaging showed an intradural, extramedullary mass extending from the C7 level to T1. Neither osteolytic nor osteosclerotic changes were seen in the vertebral bodies. Extraskeletal Ewing's sarcoma was diagnosed histopathologically.
A 14-year-old female, who had intractable epilepsy associated with multiple focal cortical dysplasias (FCD), was reported. She developed intractable epilepsy at the age of 7 and was diagnosed as having frontal lobe epilepsy based on the seizure semiology and interictal EEG. MRI revealed multiple lesions in the right frontal, bilateral occipital and left(More)
We report the case of a 34-year-old woman who exhibited acute deterioration in her condition after cerebral angiography for evaluation of a large meningioma. She had undergone surgery and irradiation for a glioma in the right occipital lobe 23 years before this episode. She experienced incapacity at work. On CT and MRI, a large meningioma was detected on(More)
Transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) procedure is widely used, but the surgical indications for TLIF in elderly patients remain controversial because of potential risks such as inferior bone quality and higher rate of postoperative complications. Clinical efficacy and operative risk of TLIF in elderly patients are unclear. This study investigated(More)
A 39-year-old man presented with an extremely rare discal cyst at the L3-4 level manifesting as a left L4 radiculopathy. Two months after onset, he suffered right L4 radiculopathy with new lumbar disc protrusion. Five months after medical treatment, the patient's symptoms improved, and the discal cyst showed complete regression on magnetic resonance(More)
A 24-year-old female presented with an unusual case of hypothalamic hamartoma manifesting as seizure. Neuroimaging findings were atypical, showing the large tumor (maximum diameter, 50 mm) with a cystic component and calcification. Surgery was performed and histological examination demonstrated heterotopia. Hamartoma should be considered in the differential(More)
An 81-year-old woman with left medial frontal lobe hematoma, which involved the supplementary motor area, is reported. She was right-handed and was initially mute for several hours after the onset. On admission, she exhibited mild paresis of the right lower extremity. Her spontaneous speech was sparse and not fluent, but her articulation and auditory(More)
Medulloblastoma (MB) is the most common malignant neuroepithelial tumor of childhood. The DNA topoisomerase II (Topo II) inhibitor etoposide has been widely used for the treatment of MBs; however, it remains unknown whether MB cells are more sensitive to etoposide than other malignant neuroepithelial tumor cells. In this study, we tested the(More)