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V8 protease, a member of the glutamyl endopeptidase I family, of Staphylococcus aureus V8 strain (GluV8) is widely used for proteome analysis because of its unique substrate specificity and resistance to detergents. In this study, an Escherichia coli expression system for GluV8, as well as its homologue from Staphylococcus epidermidis (GluSE), was(More)
The 70-kDa heat shock protein (Hsp70) is predominantly present intracellularly as a monomer, but a small population is converted to dimers and oligomers under certain conditions. In the present study, we investigated the dimeric structure of human inducible Hsp70. As reported earlier, the C-terminal client-binding domain (amino acids 382-641) was required(More)
The glutamyl endopeptidase family of enzymes from staphylococci has been shown to be important virulence determinants of pathogenic family members, such as Staphylococcus aureus. Previous studies have identified the N-terminus and residues from positions 185-195 as potentially important regions that determine the activity of three members of the family.(More)
At the primary structure level, the 90-kDa heat shock protein (HSP90) is composed of three regions: the N-terminal (Met(1)-Arg(400)), middle (Glu(401)-Lys(615)), and C-terminal (Asp(621)-Asp(732)) regions. In the present study, we investigated potential subregion structures of these three regions and their roles. Limited proteolysis revealed that the(More)
The extracellular serine endopeptidase GluSE (EC 3.4.21.19) is considered to be one of the virulence factors of Staphylococcus epidermidis. The present study investigated maturation processing of native GluSE and that heterologously expressed in Escherichia coli. In addition to the 28-kDa mature protease, small amounts of proenzymes with molecular masses of(More)
Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, and Staphylococcus warneri secrete glutamyl endopeptidases, designated GluV8, GluSE, and GluSW, respectively. The order of their protease activities is GluSE < GluSW << GluV8. In the present study, we investigated the mechanism that causes these differences. Expression of chimeric proteins between GluV8 and(More)
The alpha isoform of human 90-kDa heat shock protein (HSP90alpha) is composed of three domains: the N-terminal (residues 1-400); middle (residues 401-615) and C-terminal (residues 621-732). The middle domain is simultaneously associated with the N- and C-terminal domains, and the interaction with the latter mediates the dimeric configuration of HSP90.(More)
We here investigated the mechanism of self-oligomerization of the 90-kDa heat shock protein (HSP90) molecular chaperone, because it is known that this oligomerization reflects the client-binding activity. The transition temperatures for the self-oligomerization of the full-length forms of human HSP90alpha and HtpG (bacterial HSP90), i.e., 45 and 60 degrees(More)
Porphyromonas gingivalis and Porphyromonas endodontalis, asaccharolytic black-pigmented anaerobes, are predominant pathogens of human chronic and periapical periodontitis, respectively. They incorporate di- and tripeptides from the environment as carbon and energy sources. In the present study we cloned a novel dipeptidyl peptidase (DPP) gene of P.(More)
Porphyromonas gingivalis, a Gram-negative asaccharolytic anaerobe, is a major causative organism of chronic periodontitis. Because the bacterium utilizes amino acids as energy and carbon sources and incorporates them mainly as dipeptides, a wide variety of dipeptide production processes mediated by dipeptidyl-peptidases (DPPs) should be beneficial for the(More)