Toshio Okabe

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The Rho family of small GTPases, including RhoA, Rac1 and Cdc42, are critical regulators of the actin cytoskeleton. In neuronal systems, Rho GTPase-activating proteins (RhoGAPs) and their substrates, Rho GTPases, have been implicated in regulating multiple processes in the morphological development of neurons, including axonal growth and guidance, dendritic(More)
The exocytotic process in the anterior pituitary secretory cells was studied using quick-freeze deep-etch electron microscopy, fluorescein-isothiocyanate-phalloidin staining, heavy meromyosin decoration, and immuno-electron microscopy. The subcortical actin filaments are distributed unevenly in the peripheral cytoplasm. Few secretory granules are seen(More)
Cadherin adhesion molecules are believed to be important for synaptic plasticity. beta-Catenin, which links cadherins and the actin cytoskeleton, is a modulator of cadherin adhesion and regulates synaptic structure and function. Here we show that beta-catenin interacts with a novel GTPase-activating protein, named RICS, that acts on Cdc42 and Rac1. The(More)
Cadherins mediate Ca2+-dependent cell-cell adhesion. Efficient export of cadherins from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is known to require complex formation with beta-catenin. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying this requirement remain elusive. Here we show that PX-RICS, a beta-catenin-interacting GTPase-activating protein (GAP) for Cdc42, mediates(More)
In our previous study, we identified RICS, a novel beta-catenin-interacting protein with the GAP activity toward Cdc42 and Rac1, and found that RICS plays an important role in the regulation of neural functions, including postsynaptic NMDA signaling and neurite outgrowth. Here we report the characterization of an N-terminal splicing variant of RICS, termed(More)
Quick-freeze deep-etch electron microscopy showed the presence of bridge-like structures between adjacent secretory granules in rat anterior pituitary secretory cells. These intergranular bridges were variable in length and thickness. The finest bridges were 7–8 nm in length, while the longest ones were as long as 80 nm. Annexin II, one of the(More)
The evasion of apoptosis has been linked to the development of cancer. A recent study of a small number of gastric and colorectal cancers found that the BAK gene, which encodes a pro-apoptotic protein, contained somatic mutations in approximately 17% of the samples analyzed. To investigate the precise frequency of BAK mutations, we examined the entire(More)
BACKGROUND The efficacy of systemic chemotherapy for peritoneal dissemination of gastric cancer remains unclear. The efficacy of weekly paclitaxel in combination with doxifluridine (5'-DFUR) in gastric cancer patients with malignant ascites was evaluated. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients with histologically confirmed gastric cancer with ascites were(More)
The subcellular localization in anterior pituitary secretory cells of annexin II, one of the Ca2+-dependent phospholipid-binding proteins, was examined by immunohistochemistry and immunoelectron microscopy. Annexin II was associated with the plasma membrane, the membranes of secretory granules and cytoplasmic organelles, such as rough endoplasmic reticulum,(More)
A 58-year-old man underwent low anterior resection for type 2 rectal cancer with liver metastasis. An abdominal computed tomography (CT) scan showed multiple hepatic tumors (in S2, S3, S4, and S6) and a filling defect in the left portal vein. Pathological examination revealed a moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma, pSS, pN0, ly0, v3, with a tumor(More)