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Blood pressure is a heritable trait influenced by several biological pathways and responsive to environmental stimuli. Over one billion people worldwide have hypertension (≥140 mm Hg systolic blood pressure or  ≥90 mm Hg diastolic blood pressure). Even small increments in blood pressure are associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events. This(More)
We conducted a meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies of systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure in 19,608 subjects of east Asian ancestry from the AGEN-BP consortium followed up with de novo genotyping (n = 10,518) and further replication (n = 20,247) in east Asian samples. We identified genome-wide significant (P < 5 × 10(-8))(More)
Recent studies suggest that vascular risk factors play a considerable role in the development of Alzheimer disease. Furthermore, the use of antihypertensive drugs has been suggested to reduce the incidence of dementia, including Alzheimer disease. In this study, we examined the effects of an angiotensin receptor blocker, olmesartan, on beta-amyloid-induced(More)
The participation of the monocarboxylic acid transporter MCT1 in the intestinal absorption of weak organic acids has been clarified by functional characterization, by use of stably transfected cells, and by immunohistochemical location of the transporter in intestinal tissues. Immunohistochemical analysis by use of the anti-MCT1 antibody showed that MCT1 is(More)
BACKGROUND Two consortium-based genome-wide association studies have recently identified robust and significant associations of common variants with systolic and diastolic blood pressures in populations of European descent, warranting further investigation in populations of non-European descent. METHODS AND RESULTS We examined the associations at 27 loci(More)
The Candesartan Antihypertensive Survival Evaluation in Japan Trial was designed to compare the long-term effects of the angiotensin II receptor blocker candesartan and the calcium channel blocker amlodipine on the incidence of cardiovascular events, represented as a composite of sudden death and cerebrovascular, cardiac, renal, and vascular events in(More)
The cis element double-stranded oligodeoxynucleotides (ODN) ("decoy") approach has enabled us to clarify the responsible elements. Using this approach, we transfected AP-1 decoy ODN into VSMC cultured from WKY rats (WKY Adu) which produce latent TGF-beta, but not active TGF-beta, and Sprague-Dawley rats (CNC) which produce active and latent TGF-beta under(More)
PURPOSE To examine the mechanisms of the alteration of serum uric acid level by angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs), the effects of ARBs on renal uric acid transporters, including OAT1, OAT3, OAT4, and MRP4, were evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS Uptakes of uric acid by OAT1-expressing Flp293 cells, by Xenopus oocytes expressing OAT3 or OAT4, and by(More)
The transcriptional factor nuclear factor-kappaB (NFkappaB) plays a pivotal role in the coordinated transactivation of cytokine and adhesion molecule genes that might be involved in myocardial damage after ischemia and reperfusion. Therefore, we hypothesized that synthetic double-stranded DNA with high affinity for NFkappaB could be introduced in vivo as(More)
Inactivating mutations in the follicle-stimulating hormone receptor (FSHR) gene have been reported to cause hereditary hypergonadotropic ovarian failure. It has been found recently that the FSHR knockout mouse exhibits hypertension. The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between polymorphisms in the human FSHR gene and essential(More)