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Quercetin (30 mumol/mouse) markedly suppressed the effect of 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA, 20 nmol/mouse) on skin tumor formation in the CD-1 mice initiated by 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (200 nmol/mouse). TPA (20 nmol/mouse)-induced epidermal ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) activity was also inhibited by quercetin (10-30 mumol/mouse), but it(More)
The effects of lipoxygenase and cyclooxygenase inhibitors on ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) induction by a potent tumor promoter, 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) were examined in vitro in isolated mouse epidermal cells. Lipoxygenase inhibitors such as quercetin, nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA), 3,4,2',4'-tetrahydroxychalcone,(More)
Prostacyclin and beraprost sodium (beraprost), a stable analogue of prostacyclin, increased cyclic AMP (cAMP) levels of cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) in a concentration-dependent manner. The elevation of cAMP by beraprost was sustained longer than that by prostacyclin. The expression of thrombomodulin (TM) on membrane surface of(More)
Treatment with yohimbine, an alpha 2-adrenergic blocker, prior to the injection of a subdiabetogenic dose of streptozotocin (STZ) produced hyperglycemia and hypoinsulinemia in mice 7 days later. Prazosin, an alpha 1-adrenergic blocker, was ineffective. The capacity of phentolamine and phenoxybenzamine to potentiate the diabetogenic effect of STZ was(More)
Gravity (G)-induced loss of consciousness (G-LOC), which is presumably caused by a reduction of cerebral blood flow resulting in a decreased oxygen supply to the brain, is a major threat to pilots of high-performance fighter aircraft. The application of cerebral near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) to monitor gravity-induced cerebral oxygenation debt has(More)
Effect of beraprost sodium (BPS), a long-acting and orally active stable analogue of PGI2, on the macromolecular permeability of cultured vascular endothelial cells (HUVEC) was detected by the transport of FITC-albumin. Thrombin treatment resulted in induction of FITC-albumin transport across the endothelial cell monolayer. The albumin transport induced by(More)
Fifty-seven polyurethane foam manufacturing workers (PF workers) and 24 reference workers were followed for 4 years to clarify the effects on pulmonary function of working in PF factories with exposure to toluene diisocyanate (TDI). No significant differences in the average annual losses (AALs) of pulmonary function for 4 years were observed among the 28PF(More)
Effects of various alpha adrenergic agents on insulin release and cyclic 3':5'-adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) accumulation in pancreatic islets were investigated. Clonidine, epinephrine, alpha-methylnorepinephrine and norepinephrine were most potent and methoxamine and phenylephrine least potent in inhibiting the glucose-stimulated insulin release.(More)
We have demonstrated that while phenoxybenzamine and prazosin (10(-7)-10(-4) mol/kg i.p.) are ineffective in inhibiting the hyperglycemia induced by alpha adrenergic agonists in fed male mice, phentolamine, yohimbine and dihydroergotamine are effective. These results suggest the involvement of alpha-2 type adrenergic receptors in the regulation of the(More)
Phentolamine, yohimbine or dihydroergotamine markedly increased plasma immunoreactive insulin (IRI) and inhibited epinephrine-induced hyperglycemia in fasted mice. On the other hand, phenoxybenzamine or prazosin only slightly increased plasma IRI and enhanced epinephrine-induced hyperglycemia. These results indicate that there is a distinct difference in(More)