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Quercetin (30 mumol/mouse) markedly suppressed the effect of 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA, 20 nmol/mouse) on skin tumor formation in the CD-1 mice initiated by 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (200 nmol/mouse). TPA (20 nmol/mouse)-induced epidermal ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) activity was also inhibited by quercetin (10-30 mumol/mouse), but it(More)
Fifty-seven polyurethane foam manufacturing workers (PF workers) and 24 reference workers were followed for 4 years to clarify the effects on pulmonary function of working in PF factories with exposure to toluene diisocyanate (TDI). No significant differences in the average annual losses (AALs) of pulmonary function for 4 years were observed among the 28PF(More)
Gravity (G)-induced loss of consciousness (G-LOC), which is presumably caused by a reduction of cerebral blood flow resulting in a decreased oxygen supply to the brain, is a major threat to pilots of high-performance fighter aircraft. The application of cerebral near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) to monitor gravity-induced cerebral oxygenation debt has(More)
Prostacyclin and beraprost sodium (beraprost), a stable analogue of prostacyclin, increased cyclic AMP (cAMP) levels of cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) in a concentration-dependent manner. The elevation of cAMP by beraprost was sustained longer than that by prostacyclin. The expression of thrombomodulin (TM) on membrane surface of(More)
Treatment with yohimbine, an alpha 2-adrenergic blocker, prior to the injection of a subdiabetogenic dose of streptozotocin (STZ) produced hyperglycemia and hypoinsulinemia in mice 7 days later. Prazosin, an alpha 1-adrenergic blocker, was ineffective. The capacity of phentolamine and phenoxybenzamine to potentiate the diabetogenic effect of STZ was(More)
BACKGROUND Although recent case reports have suggested possible respiratory effects of solid toner dust inhalation, this hypothesis has not been verified by epidemiological studies. OBJECTIVES To conduct a cross sectional study to evaluate the association between the biological indices of lung fibrosis and toner dust exposure in an occupational cohort(More)
Teleocidin (5 micrograms/mouse), a potent tumor promoting indole alkaloid from Streptomyces, induced epidermal ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) in CD-1 mice. Teleocidin-caused ODC induction was inhibited by the treatment of indomethacin (2 mumol/mouse), a selective cyclooxygenase inhibitor, and p-bromophenacyl bromide (BPB) (30 mumol/mouse), a phospholipase A2(More)
The effects of flavonoids, antioxidants and related compounds on 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA)-caused epidermal ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) induction, DNA synthesis and skin tumor promotion, and on epidermal lipoxygenase activity, were investigated using CD-1 mice. Morin, fisetin , kaempferol and n-propyl gallate potently inhibited epidermal(More)
Glucose-induced insulin secretion was investigated using isolated pancreatic islets of rats. The phospholipase A2 inhibitors. p-bromophenacyl bromide (0.1 mM) and mepacrine (0.1 mM) inhibited glucose-induced insulin secretion. Indomethacin (5 microM), a cyclooxygenase inhibitor, failed to inhibit glucose-induced insulin secretion, while the lipoxygenase(More)