Toshio Mitsui

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In our previous model, it was assumed that the two heads of myosin act co-operatively in producing force for the sliding of actin filaments relative to myosin filaments. We eliminate the assumption of co-operativity in the present model, following the conclusion by Harada and co-workers that a co-operative interaction between the two heads of myosin is not(More)
Muscle contraction mechanism is discussed by reforming the model described in an article by Mitsui (Adv. Biophys. 1999, 36, 107-158). A simple thermodynamic relationship is presented, which indicates that there is an inconsistency in the power stroke model or the swinging lever model. To avoid this difficulty, a new model is proposed. It is assumed that a(More)
The proposed model is characterized by the constant r (Eq. 2-1), the induced potential (Fig. 1), two attached states of a myosin head (Fig. 1), the nonlinear elastic property of the crossbridge (Eq. 2-7), and the expression of U* (Eqs. 3-8 and 3-9), which led us to the following conclusions. 1. The following various magnitudes of myosin head motion are(More)
Flagellated bacteria swim by rotating helical filaments driven by motors embedded in the cell wall and cytoplasmic membrane. A model is proposed to explain the mechanism of the motor. The protons passing through the channels induce a strong electric field in Mot molecules. This field originates an impulse force to cause the flagellar rotation if the(More)
A model is proposed for myosin head motion along an actin filament which accommodates recent experimental data. The model includes three attached states of a myosin head and is thus similar to the classical Huxley & Simmons (1971) model, but differs in that an explicit expression is given for the spatial distribution of potential energy wells for the myosin(More)
Most bacteria that swim are propelled by flagellar filaments, which are driven by a rotary motor powered by proton flux. The mechanism of the flagellar motor is discussed by reforming the model proposed by the present authors in 2005. It is shown that the mean strength of Coulomb field produced by a proton passing the channel is very strong in the Mot(More)
The model for myosin head motion along an actin filament as proposed by Mitsui & Chiba [(1996). J. theor. Biol. 182, 147-159] is here modified so that it can explain the isometric tension and isotonic velocity transients having the same parameter values as the stationary filament sliding. The modified model differs in that a myosin head forms a complex with(More)
The power stroke model was criticized and a model was proposed for muscle contraction mechanism (Mitsui, 1999). The proposed model was further developed and calculations based on the model well reproduced major experimental data on the steady filament sliding (Mitsui and Ohshima, 2008) and on the transient phenomena (Mitsui, Takai and Ohshima, 2011). In(More)
Mitsui and Ohshima (2008) criticized the power-stroke model for muscle contraction and proposed a new model. In the new model, about 41% of the myosin heads are bound to actin filaments, and each bound head forms a complex MA(3) with three actin molecules A1, A2 and A3 forming the crossbridge. The complex translates along the actin filament cooperating with(More)
Most bacteria that swim are propelled by flagellar filaments, which are driven by a rotary motor powered by proton flux. The motor consists of the rotor and the stator. The stator consists of about 8 MotA-Mot B complex. There seems to be no definite information about the structure between the rotor and the stator, and it is examined whether the experimental(More)