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We describe a novel function of parkin, a RING protein, which is elaborately involved in mitochondrial biogenesis. Parkin was located within the mitochondrial organelle of proliferating cells. Anti-proliferative treatments released parkin from mitochondria to cytosol. Results of pharmacological treatments indicate that parkin was released from mitochondria(More)
BACKGROUND Eldecalcitol is an analog of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) that improves bone mineral density; however, the effect of eldecalcitol on the risk of fractures is unclear. The objective of this study is to examine whether eldecalcitol is superior to alfacalcidol in preventing osteoporotic fractures. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov,(More)
Glucocorticoid (GC) excess often elicits serious adverse effects on the vascular system, such as hypertension and atherosclerosis, and effective prophylaxis for these complications is limited. We sought to reveal the mechanism underlying GC-induced vascular complications. Responses in forearm blood flow to reactive hyperemia in 20 GC-treated patients were(More)
The 2004 edition of guidelines on the management and treatment of glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis of the Japanese Society for Bone and Mineral Research had been developed based on the results of a longitudinal study by subcommittee members and the results of an analysis of patients collected by the Subcommittee to Study Diagnostic Criteria for(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have shown that adrenomedullin (AM) inhibits vascular endothelial cell apoptosis and induces angiogenesis. We investigated whether AM enhances bone marrow cell-induced angiogenesis. METHODS AND RESULTS Immediately after hindlimb ischemia was created, rats were randomized to receive AM infusion plus bone marrow-derived(More)
Although rachitic/osteomalacic myopathy caused by impaired vitamin D actions has long been described, the molecular pathogenesis remains elusive. To determine physiological roles of vitamin D actions through vitamin D receptor (VDR) in skeletal muscle development, we examined skeletal muscle in VDR gene deleted (VDR -/-) mice, an animal model of vitamin(More)
CONTEXT ED-71 has been shown to increase lumbar bone mineral density (BMD) in osteoporotic subjects. However, vitamin D insufficiency might have influenced the effect of ED-71 on BMD. OBJECTIVE Our objective was to examine whether ED-71 can increase BMD in osteoporotic patients under vitamin D supplementation. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS We conducted(More)
This multicenter study assessed the safety and efficacy of teriparatide 20 microg/day in Japanese men and women with osteoporosis at high risk of fracture during a 12-month, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled treatment period followed by second and third treatment periods (to 18 and 24 months, respectively,) in which all subjects received(More)
CONTEXT Denosumab 60 mg sc injection every 6 months for 36 months was well tolerated and effective in reducing the incidence of vertebral, nonvertebral, and hip fracture in predominantly Caucasian postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. OBJECTIVE The objective of this phase 3 fracture study was to examine the antifracture efficacy and safety of denosumab(More)
We identified a human multiprotein complex (WINAC) that directly interacts with the vitamin D receptor (VDR) through the Williams syndrome transcription factor (WSTF). WINAC has ATP-dependent chromatin-remodeling activity and contains both SWI/SNF components and DNA replication-related factors. The latter might explain a WINAC requirement for normal S phase(More)