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PURPOSE Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-C induces lymphangiogenesis by activating the VEGF receptor (VEGFR)-3, which is expressed by lymphatic endothelial cells. VEGFR-3 has also been detected on several malignant cells, but the significance of VEGFR-3 expression on malignant cells remains unclear. In this study, we examined the expression and(More)
Immunohistochemical analysis of human colon cancers growing in the cecal walls of nude mice revealed that epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2) were expressed by different tumor cells and tumor-associated endothelial cells, whereas platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR)beta was expressed(More)
HIF-1 is reported to transactivate expression of VEGF, which is an important angiogenic factor. To determine whether HIF-1alpha plays a role in angiogenesis through its regulation of VEGF, we examined expression of HIF-1alpha and its relation to clinicopathologic features, VEGF expression and prognosis of patients with colorectal carcinoma. Expression of(More)
We screened for mutations in the von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) tumor suppressor gene and examined the relationship of these mutations with expression of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1alpha protein in human colorectal carcinomas. DNAs were extracted from 130 paraffin-embedded tumor specimens and subjected to polymerase chain reaction-single strand conformational(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-C and VEGF-D are potent lymphangiogenic factors produced by tumor and stromal cells. The purpose of this study was to determine whether expression of VEGF-C and/or VEGF-D correlates with clinicopathological features of human colorectal carcinoma. Expression of mRNAs for VEGF-C, VEGF-D, and their receptor VEGFR-3 was(More)
The stromal cells within colon carcinoma express high levels of the platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGF-R), whereas colon cancer cells do not. Here, we examined whether blocking PDGF-R could inhibit colon cancer growth in vivo. KM12SM human colon cancer cells were injected subcutaneously (ectopic implantation) into the cecal wall (orthotopic(More)
BACKGROUND Endoscopic self-expandable metal stent placement has been used as an alternative to surgery for malignant colorectal obstruction; however, factors affecting its clinical outcome are unclear. OBJECTIVE To clarify the short-term safety and efficacy of endoscopic self-expandable metal stent placement for malignant colorectal obstruction and to(More)
We determined whether phosphorylated epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) expressed on tumor-associated endothelial cells is a primary target for therapy with EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). Human colon cancer cells SW620CE2 (parental) that do not express EGFR or human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) but express transforming growth(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between hypoxia inducible factor (HIF)-1alpha expression, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression, and tumour vascularity in squamous cell carcinoma of the oesophagus. Expression of HIF-1alpha and VEGF was examined in two oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma cell lines (TE2, TE3) and 82(More)
Endoscopic stenting with a self-expandable metallic stent (SEMS) is a widely accepted procedure for malignant colonic obstruction. The Colonic Stent Safe Procedure Research Group conducted the present prospective feasibility study. Our objectives were to estimate the safety and feasibility of SEMS placement as a bridge to surgery (BTS) for malignant(More)