Toshio Kubota

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The beta subunit of DNA polymerase III is essential for negative regulation of the initiator protein, DnaA. DnaA inactivation occurs through accelerated hydrolysis of ATP bound to DnaA; the resulting ADP-DnaA fails to initiate replication. The ability of beta subunit to promote DnaA inactivation depends on its assembly as a sliding clamp on DNA and must be(More)
The DnaA protein is the initiator of Escherichia coli chromosomal replication. In this study, we identify a novel DnaA-associating protein, DiaA, that is required for the timely initiation of replication during the cell cycle. DiaA promotes the growth of specific temperature-sensitive dnaA mutants and ensures stable minichromosome maintenance, whereas DiaA(More)
Hepatotoxicity is the major complaint during therapy with lipid-lowering agents such as statins, although the cellular mechanisms underlying the statin-induced liver injury are not fully understood. Using cultured human hepatocytes, we investigated the effects of lipophilic as well as hydrophilic statins on the cell viability. Lipophilic statins, including(More)
BACKGROUND Radiographic contrast material is one of agents that are prone to cause nephropathy, although little is known about cellular mechanisms underlying contrast media-induced renal failure. The present study was designed to determine the role of caspase in contrast media-induced renal injury. The modulation by cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) of(More)
BACKGROUND We previously reported that the apoptotic injury in a porcine renal tubular cell line LLC-PK1 cells induced by radiographic contrast media is attenuated by dibutyl cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) in a manner dependent on protein kinase A (PKA). The present study was designed to determine whether the elevation of endogenous cAMP with(More)
In Escherichia coli, the ATP-DnaA protein initiates chromosomal replication. After the DNA polymerase III holoenzyme is loaded on to DNA, DnaA-bound ATP is hydrolysed in a manner depending on Hda protein and the DNA-loaded form of the DNA polymerase III sliding clamp subunit, which yields ADP-DnaA, an inactivated form for initiation. This regulatory(More)
Bisphosphonates and statins are known to have antitumor activities against different types of cancer cell lines. In the present study, we investigated the antiproliferative effects of the combination of zoledronic acid (ZOL), a bisphophosphonate, and fluvastatin (FLU), a statin, in vitro on two types of human pancreatic cancer cell lines, Mia PaCa-2 and(More)
The purpose of this study was (i) to determine the optimal dosage of teicoplanin for each patient group stratified by renal function and weight based on a population pharmacokinetic model and observed distribution of patient characteristics and (ii) to develop new simplified dosing regimens designed to achieve 15-30 μg/mL. Patient data were collected(More)
Cinnamon bark is commonly used in traditional Japanese herbal medicines (Kampo medicines). The coumarin contained in cinnamon is known to be hepatotoxic, and a tolerable daily intake (TDI) of 0.1 mg/kg/day, has been quantified and used in Europe to insure safety. Risk assessments for hepatotoxicity by the cinnamon contained in foods have been reported.(More)
BACKGROUND In Japanese Kampo medical practice, suidoku (fluid disturbance) is one of the most important concepts for selecting the proper medication. Suidoku is an excessive or uneven distribution of fluid that is indicated by splashing sounds and pitting edema. However, few objective reports about suidoku have been published. Bioelectrical impedance(More)