Toshio Kinoshita

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While investigating the mechanisms underlying cell death during wound healing processes, we uncovered the pro-apoptotic effects of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) on granulation tissue fibroblasts following pretreatment with transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1 in vitro. bFGF induced caspase-3 activation and apoptosis in TGF-beta1-pretreated(More)
Uremic toxins are accumulated in the blood of patients with chronic renal failure (CRF), although alteration of the toxicity by the interaction of various uremic retention products has not been precisely clarified. In this study, we found that cytochrome c added to incubation mixtures containing guanidino compounds and methylglyoxal in phosphate buffer(More)
Toll-like receptors appear to play an important role in the pathogenesis of lupus-like nephritis in mice. In human and mouse, CD180 is a homologue of TLR4. In SLE patients, the number of CD180-negative B cells in peripheral blood changes in parallel with disease activity. In the present study using NZBWF1 mice, the population of splenic CD180-negative B(More)
d-Serine is abundant in the forebrain and physiologically important for modulating excitatory glutamatergic neurotransmission as a coagonist of synaptic N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor. NMDA signaling has been implicated in the control of food intake. However, the role of d-serine on appetite regulation is unknown. To clarify the effects of d-serine on(More)
Albumin extracted from serum by a simple technique using trichloroacetic acid and ethanol has been applied to a fructosamine assay using nitroblue tetrazolium. A fructosamine assay using extracted albumin sample was carried out without interference from low molecular weight substances with reducing activities and other proteins with varying concentrations,(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac fibroblasts (CFs) play a pivotal role in the development of myocardial fibrosis. We previously demonstrated that direct injection of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) into the hypertensive Dahl salt-sensitive (DS) rat heart prevented systolic dysfunction and left ventricular dilation effectively. However, the precise role played by(More)
BACKGROUND The autonomic nervous system involves the genesis of premature ventricular contractions (PVCs). Previous studies demonstrated that heart rate (HR) dependency of idiopathic PVCs has different autonomic mechanisms. Recently, the bisoprolol patch, a novel transdermal β1-blocker formulation containing bisoprolol, became clinically available. We(More)
Although oral amiodarone (AMD) has been used for the management of atrial fibrillation (AF), serious complications such as interstitial pneumonia (IP) occur very occasionally. We evaluated which factors were associated with the development of IP under the long-term administration of AMD in patients with refractory AF.This study included 122 consecutive(More)