Toshio Kawamata

Learn More
The clinical use of mirror visual feedback (MVF) was initially introduced to alleviate phantom pain, and has since been applied to the improvement of hemiparesis following stroke. However, it is not known whether MVF can restore motor function by producing plastic changes in the human primary motor cortex (M1). Here, we used transcranial magnetic(More)
Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) was localized immunohistochemically in postmortem brain tissue of Alzheimer's disease (AD), progressive supranuclear palsy, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Pick's disease, and controls. In controls, only capillaries were stained for ICAM-1. In affected areas of neurologically disease brains, a subset of reactive(More)
The centrosome, consisting of a pair of centrioles surrounded by pericentriolar material, directs the formation of bipolar spindles during mitosis. Aberrant centrosome number can promote chromosome instability, which is implicated in tumorigenesis. Thus, centrosome duplication needs to be tightly regulated to occur only once per cell cycle. Separase, a(More)
Abnormal granular structures, which stained positively with periodic acid-Schiff (PAS-positive granular structures; PGS), were observed in the brain of senescence accelerated mouse (SAM). They were small, round to ovoid, homogenous structures measuring up to 5 μm in diameter and usually grouped in clusters. PGS were localized in the hippocampus, piriform(More)
We report the histopathological and immunohistochemical findings in a patient with primary progressive aphasia and abnormally ubiquitinated neurites in the cerebral cortex. Neuropathological examination showed severe neuronal loss and astrocytosis with a spongy change in the frontal cortex and neostriatum. Immunohistochemistry for ubiquitin antibody showed(More)
We investigated a possible role in Alzheimer's disease (AD) for FKBP12, a peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase known to be important in protein assembly, folding and transportation by using Western blotting and microscopic analyses in postmortem brain tissues from elderly controls and the patients with AD. FKBP12 was enriched and localized to neuronal cell(More)
The phosphatase and tensin homologue deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN) negatively regulates intracellular levels of PIP3 and antagonizes the PI3K signaling pathway important for cell survival. The present study determined whether altered distribution of PTEN occurs in Alzheimer's disease (AD) brains. We investigated a possible role for PTEN in postmortem(More)
We aimed to investigate the characteristics of Parkinsonian features assessed by the unified Parkinson's disease rating scale (UPDRS) and determine their correlations with the computed tomography (CT) findings in patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH). The total score and the scores for arising from chair, gait, postural stability,(More)
Monoamine oxidase (MAO) histochemistry has been performed in brains from patients with dementia of Alzheimer type (DAT) and aged controls. Conspicuous MAO-positive cell clusters were frequently observed in the amygdala, hippocampus, and insular cortex in the brains of DAT. Double staining with glial fibrillary acidic protein immunohistochemistry revealed(More)
Genome-wide gene expression analysis using DNA microarray technology is a potential tool to search for unexpected genes that have a susceptibility to schizophrenia. We carried out a microarray analysis in the postmortem prefrontal cortex and found that the expression of the KLF5 gene, whose locus is on 13q21, was down-regulated in schizophrenia patients.(More)