Toshio Isohara

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BACKGROUND The cytoplasmic domain of the Alzheimer's disease amyloid precursor protein (APP) is phosphorylated in vitro at Thr654 and Ser655, and both in vitro and in intact cells at Thr668 (numbering for APP695 isoform). MATERIALS AND METHODS We have developed phosphorylation state-specific antibodies to each of the sites, and we have used these to(More)
Alzheimer's amyloid precursor protein (APP), the precursor of beta-amyloid (Abeta), is an integral membrane protein with a receptor-like structure. We recently demonstrated that the mature APP (mAPP; N- and O-glycosylated form) is phosphorylated at Thr668 (numbering for APP695 isoform), specifically in neurons. Phosphorylation of mAPP appears to occur(More)
Amyloid precursor-like proteins (APLPs), APLP1 and APLP2, are members of a gene family which include the Alzheimer beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP). APLP1, APLP2, and APP contain highly homologous amino acid sequences, especially in their cytoplasmic domains, although APLPs lack the beta-amyloid domain derived by proteolytic processing from APP. APP is(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) binds to its receptor tyrosine kinase Flt-1 and KDR/Flk-1 and stimulates their autophosphorylation. However, little is known about their downstream signal transduction properties. We examined the interactions of certain proteins with a SH2-domain with Flt-1 and KDR using the yeast two-hybrid system and found that(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is one of the major angiogenesis regulators. It binds to its tyrosine kinase receptors, KDR and Flt-1. However, little is known about their downstream signal transduction properties. We screened human brain cDNA library using the yeast two-hybrid system with the KDR cytoplasmic region as bait to find KDR binding(More)
Neutrophil peptides (NPs, defensins), which consist of approximately 30 amino acids with a highly conserved backbone of six Cys residues, possess several biological activities, such as antimicrobial, antiviral, cytotoxic, and anti-adrenocorticotropin (corticostatic) activity in vitro. In the rabbit, six NPs, i.e., NP-1, -2, -3A, -3B, -4, and -5, have been(More)
The cytoplasmic domain of Alzheimer's beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP) can be phosphorylated at Thr654, Ser655, and Thr668 (APP695 isoform numbering). Previous studies demonstrated that Ser655 of APP was phosphorylated by protein kinase C (PKC) and calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) in vitro and by unidentified protein kinase(s) in vivo. We(More)
Numerous cellular processes, such as signal transduction and protein transport, are regulated through protein-protein interactions1). To reveal the roles of these interactions in vivo, it is important to investigate the effect of inhibition of each protein-protein interaction. Small molecule inhibitors of protein-protein interactions are useful for such(More)
Intraparticle diffusion resistance was studied for Papaver somniferum cells immobilized by Ca alginate gel. In callus tissue, these plant cells convert codeinone to codeine. First, the diffusion rates of substrates in the gel were measured, followed by investigation of the consumption rates of the substrates by free cells. The consumption rate of sucrose(More)
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