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BACKGROUND In cardiac hypertrophy, both excessive enlargement of cardiac myocytes and progressive interstitial fibrosis are well known to occur simultaneously. In the present study, to investigate the interaction between ventricular myocytes (MCs) and cardiac nonmyocytes (NMCs), mostly fibroblasts, during cardiocytes hypertrophy, we examined the change in(More)
BACKGROUND Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is an important angiogenic factor reported to induce migration and proliferation of endothelial cells, enhance vascular permeability, and modulate thrombogenicity. VEGF expression in cultured cells (smooth muscle cells, macrophages, endothelial cells) is controlled by growth factors and cytokines. Hence,(More)
Shear stress is known to dilate blood vessels and exert antiproliferative effects on vascular walls: these effects have been ascribed to shear stress-induced upregulation of endothelium-derived vasoactive substances, mainly nitric oxide and prostacyclin. We have demonstrated the significance of C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) as a novel endothelium-derived(More)
Angiogenesis plays a pivotal role not only in wound healing and tumor progression but also in diabetic angiopathy, arteriosclerosis, and collateral formation of obstructive vascular diseases. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is now thought to be an endothelium-specific and potent angiogenic factor. We previously demonstrated that C-type natriuretic(More)
We demonstrated endothelial production of C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP), the third member of the natriuretic peptide family, and its regulation by cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF alpha). We thus proposed that CNP can control vascular tone and growth as an endothelium-derived relaxing peptide. We also revealed the marked elevation of(More)
Recently, we have demonstrated that C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) is produced in vascular endothelial cells (ECs). In the present study, we investigated the interaction of ECs and vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs) for endothelial production of CNP and its action on vascular growth, using the EC/SMC coculture system. The concentration of CNP-like(More)
We have previously reported that C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP), the third member of the natriuretic peptide family, is produced in vascular endothelial cells and suggested that CNP might be a local regulator of vascular tone and growth. To evaluate the biological actions of CNP as compared with human atrial natriuretic peptide (hANP), we intravenously(More)
The natriuretic peptide family consists of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), and C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP). We have elucidated that CNP is synthesized by endothelial cells. We have also shown that CNP secretion is potently suppressed by vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). In the present study, we examined the(More)
We have previously reported that C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP), the third member of the natriuretic peptide family, is produced in vascular endothelial cells and acts as an endothelium-derived relaxing peptide. To clarify the clinical significance of CNP in renal disorders, we examined the plasma level of CNP in patients with various cardiovascular(More)